Despite their strong postures at the UN General Assembly on Tuesday, the United States and Iran should come to a compromise to resuscitate the 2015 Iran nuclear deal, dying since the US withdrawal in 2018, experts say.
“The talks in Vienna will surely start again and materialize, because the two parties have come to the conclusion that the current path cannot be continued,” Mehdi Rahmanian, editor of the reformist newspaper told AFP. Shargh.
He cites as proof the absence of criticism from the ultraconservatives on the agreement concluded on September 12 by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on the monitoring of the Iranian nuclear program, when they were quick to uncheck their arrows against any compromise with the West when it was the former president, the moderate Hassan Rouhani, who was negotiating.
During the visit to Tehran of IAEA chief Rafael Grossi, the two sides announced that the agency’s inspectors would “be authorized to intervene to maintain the equipment and replace the hard drives” of the cameras placed by the UN agency in Iranian installations.
If the new Iranian president, the ultra-conservative Ebrahim Raïssi, demanded Tuesday as a prerequisite the lifting of “all sanctions”, and if the American president, Joe Biden, assured that he would do everything to prevent Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons, neither of them sought the rupture.
Thus, a few hours before Mr. Raïssi’s speech on Tuesday, the Iranian Foreign Ministry declared in New York that the Iranian nuclear talks should resume “in the coming weeks”, without giving a precise date.
He confirmed Wednesday to the head of European diplomacy, Josep Borrell, in New York, that the resumption of negotiations would take place “at a near date”.
“Need a compromise”
Beginning in April in Vienna, negotiations between Iran and the five other states still party to the 2015 agreement (Germany, China, France, the United Kingdom and Russia) with a view to bringing the United States back to the agreement have stalled since June, after Mr. Raïssi’s victory in the Iranian presidential election.
“Regional developments, including the American withdrawal from Afghanistan, must also be taken into account,” analyst Saïd Laylaz told AFP, adding that “from a geopolitical point of view, Iran and the United States today need a compromise ”.
But everyone wants to push their opponent to take the first step. The reformist newspaper Shargh illustrates on its front page this New York duel with two photos: that of Joe Biden declaring “we are ready to return to the agreement if Tehran does the same”, next to that of the Iranian president, responding indirectly “we do not” we do not trust the American promises ”.
Concluded in 2015, the Vienna agreement on Iranian nuclear power offered Tehran an easing of Western and UN sanctions in exchange for its commitment never to acquire atomic weapons and a radical reduction in its nuclear program. under strict UN control.
But after the unilateral withdrawal of the Americans in 2018 under the presidency of Donald Trump, Iran has gradually abandoned most of its commitments.