Man is the only animal capable of tripping over the same stone.
― People’s advice
What must a country do to get out of misery, achieve development, build an economy within the reach of the bulk of the population, allow men and women to achieve decent standards of living, and for some, the most courageous or visionary, the wealth with which the most advanced societies reward those who bring them the greatest benefits?
All of this while maintaining the incentives that allow societies to improve themselves, rewarding the most capable and the most productive.
To overcome underdevelopment, a country must open its economy and compete with the world, economies are closed to defend unproductive activities, power groups loyal to the government, activities generally associated with state companies that seek to monopolize the economy.
As long as the activities are controlled by the State, the result will invariably be mixed with corruption, and the privilege of minorities must be rewarded by taking advantage of their situation, generating scientific and technical backwardness.
The “opening of the economy” should seek to make use of it by society as a whole, and not just by the small minority that manages the government, thanking them for their loyalty and promoting the enrichment of classes and businessmen loyal to the government.
In a free society, the businessman anticipates the future more quickly than his colleagues, sensing the next needs, risking his money, paying his taxes, creating jobs and facilitating the progress of society.
Underdeveloped or developing countries must offer attractive and absolutely safe environments and policies if they want to attract capital.
A country that seeks justice in freedom must invest significant sums to establish public education at a very high level, investing in the best teachers and promoting colleges and schools that can compete with private schools.
France established a public education of the highest level, which led its society to first positions. Argentina at the beginning of the 20th century had a public education system that the whole world looked at with envy and admiration.
Equal opportunities must be applied in all social areas and not only in education, although it is in this field that changes must be supported, since it is in this sphere that the privileges that high incomes and intellectual differences between different social sectors.
A country that “opens up” to the world and to itself must invest considerable sums in the field of public and private education.
“Since December 2018, AMLO has been president of Mexico, a man with a mandate; an unheard-of, enormous mandate… Nobody in a century had governed with such a concentration of power”, generating a large dose of hope, which unfortunately turned into a great nightmare, with a pathetic return to the past. “A windshield is 50 times bigger than the rear view mirror, so we pay 50 times more attention to what is in front rather than what is behind.”
The nationalized economy was the hallmark of the governments of the 1970s and 1980s. During the administration of Miguel de la Madrid there were 1,155 state-owned companies and the government administered 90% of the financial resources of the economy. It had a presence in all sectors: banks, telephony, airports, airlines, spas, hotels, television, fertilizers, soccer teams, mining, steel, bicycle factories, and nightclubs.
And it was never able to consolidate its competitiveness and adequate income distribution mechanisms, given the lack of education and education, benefiting only groups loyal to power, the same thing that happens today.