Marion Jacquet-Vaillant is the author of a thesis defended in January at the University of Paris-II on “the identity movement, for a mixed approach to the margins in politics”.
The roots of Generation Identity come from Radical Unity, dissolved in 2002 after the attempted attack against President Jacques Chirac. Was the risk of a dissolution sensitive among the militants?
The dissolution of Radical Unit is indeed part of militant memory, they feared it. Most of them were too young to have belonged to Radical Unity, but they partly built their relationship with politics with regard to the dissolution. Before an action, they interact with lawyers and try to stay within the framework of the law, playing with the limits without ever going too frankly. For example, when they invaded the roof of the Socialist Party in 2013, they were careful not to break in: they put up a ladder.
Researcher Nicolas Lebourg believes that dissolving extreme right-wing groups is taking the risk of modernizing them?
This is the case of Radical Unity, the dissolution has made it possible to impose the modernization of identities. It is a possible effect. The other, as Xavier Crettiez has shown [politologue] among the Corsican nationalists, can lead on the contrary to their radicalization. It is difficult to predict how Generation Identity will react. What is certain, the activists have repeated, is that the dissolution will not prevent them from activating, that their ideas will not be dissolved, etc.
The effectiveness of the dissolution lies mainly in the fact that they will lose their mark. The government understood that it was a label important enough that its mere disappearance could be a victory. If the objective was to put an end to the Identity Generation network, dissolution, on the other hand, is not enough, the activists have woven an associative network that goes beyond the mere association, with associative bars, conference rooms. The militant network is not going to be destroyed.
What is the specificity of Génération identitaire in the far right?
Identities represent a current apart. The one they are closest to is Greece, the Research and Study Group for European Civilization, but they are only the imperfect heirs. The ideological heart of Greece is ethnodifferentialism: the idea, roughly, is that a people correspond to a culture and a land, and therefore a mixture of peoples on the same land leads to their disappearance for all. This has an effect on the relationship of identities to citizenship. For the National Gathering [RN], the assimilation of immigrants is possible if they renounce their particularisms, this is the speech of Valmy by Jean-Marie Le Pen in 2006.
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