Is Huawei safe? The government of USA considers that it is a threat to national security and for this they have been seeking for months that their commercial partners veto the Chinese company in the deployments of their future telecommunications networks and infrastructures, with a special focus on 5G, cloud or fiber.
In the European case, we are facing one of the regions wayward, where the European Union has established strict security protocols, but they do not explicitly exclude any operator, as requested by the Trump administration.
A position that Spain will foreseeably take in line with other countries such as Germany, but that has forced the US government to a new diplomatic offensive that brought it to Europe and our country two weeks ago.
A lightning trip in which they again asked governments and operators – in Spain his meeting with the Secretary of State for Telecommunications and with MásMóvil – not to have access to Huawei in their future deployments, calling for a harmonization of security protocols.
But is Huawei safe? Technically, it is one of the operators that has had the most security protocols around the world. The last has been the certification NESAS of their 5G equipment, a standardized cybersecurity assessment mechanism jointly defined by the GSMA and 3GPP, along with the world’s leading operators, suppliers, industry partners and regulators.
The GSMA is the global telecommunications employer where US giants such as AT&T, Asian like China Telecom or European classics like Telefónica, Orange, Vodafone Y Deutsche Telekom. For its part, 3GPP It is a collaboration of groups of telecommunications associations, whose initial objective was to establish the specifications of 3G for mobile phones.
In the case of NESAS, provides an industry-wide security assurance framework to facilitate improvements in security levels in the mobile industry. It is a voluntary scheme whereby network equipment providers (vendors) subject their product development and lifecycle processes to a comprehensive security audit based on the currently active NESAS version and your security requirements.
In this sense, Huawei is the only company whose core and ran have approved the GSMA NESAS protocols. The certification in the case of Huawei has been complete, covering both the core like radio ones.
Its competitors have only exceeded the scheme for their radio equipment. It is the case of ZTE, Ericsson and Nokia. These last two, direct competitors of Huawei in Spain and in Europe for 5G deployment.
He core it is the core of telecommunications networks, more sensitive because it stores data. Instead, radio is transmission. Precisely one of the options that world governments have on the table is to exclude Huawei of the core because it implies sharing data, although with this independent certification and carried out by the industry itself, this option would no longer have technical support.
Blocking the ‘cloud’
Something that would not fit in the US pressure campaign either. As published Bloomberg, the undersecretary for US Department of State Economic Growth, Energy and Environment, Keith Krach, made a European tour in which he visited the main countries rebels to the US message and that there are no direct vetoes to any operator in the future deployment of its 5G networks.
According to these same information, the objective of USA on this occasion it was also to warn governments and companies of the risk that Huawei poses for global security to become strong in the business cloud or cloud server management.
A market that – unlike the 5G deployment where Ericsson and Nokia have a good part of the contracts in Europe – is controlled by large US operators such as Microsoft, Amazon, IBM, Google y Oracle.
In the Spanish case, the large operators have diversified this service and work with all possible providers. In fact, the sources consulted indicate that in their meetings Noise he was listened to, but he was told that Spain is not in the business of carrying out direct blocks to any operator.
This newspaper has already reported that the Government is preparing its Cybersecurity Law, faithfully adapting a good part of the bases laid by Brussels in january in his toolbox or safe and that, among other things, does not explicitly exclude any operator from the deployment of its networks.
Support from Sánchez
This means that Spain, like Europe, would not choose the most restrictive route and would not veto Huawei in no case. In fact, the Law would not speak of companies, only basic requirements and parameters that will define a playing field in which telecommunications companies will be able to freely choose their suppliers without fear of being excluded in the future.
Last weekend, the President of the Government himself, Pedro Sánchez, showed his direct support for Huawei. “Before the end of this year, 75% of the Spanish territory will have access to 5G technology. And we are doing it with different companies like Huawei. We are going to continue betting on these technologies ”, he admitted in the joint press conference with the Portuguese Prime Minister, António Costa, at the XXXI Hispano-Portuguese Summit.