Working poverty increases in 21 states


Queretaro, Qro. The population in conditions of working poverty, with labor income below the cost of the food basket, increased in 21 states during the fourth quarter of 2021, in relation to two years ago, before the covid-19 pandemic.

The increases ranged from 0.2 percentage points to 6.8 percentage points between the fourth quarter of 2019 and the same period of 2021, according to the National Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy (Coneval). Meanwhile, at the national level, working poverty increased 1.4 points between both periods, from 38.9 to 40.3% of the population.

Nine states had an increase of more than two percentage points. Guanajuato was the state with the highest growth of 6.8 points (from 33.9 to 40.8%), Puebla 6.2 points (from 46.2 to 52.4%), Mexico City with 5.6 points (from 31.8 to 37.4%), Tlaxcala 3.8 points (from 46.9 to 50.7%), Yucatán 3.4 points (from 35.2 to 38.6%), Veracruz 2.4 points (from 51.8 to 54.2%), Durango 2.3 points (from 34.5 to 36.8%), Tabasco 2.2 points (from 43.4 to 45.6%) and Sinaloa 2.1 points (from 27.5 to 29.7%).

Meanwhile, 12 states had an increase of more than two percentage points: Nuevo León 1.9 points (from 21.2 to 23.1%), Oaxaca 1.9 points (from 62.1 to 64%), Baja California 1.7 points (from 20.7 to 22.4%), Chiapas 1.7 points (from 67.6 to 69.3%), Chihuahua 1.6 points (from 24.4 to 26%), Quintana Roo 1.5 points (from 28.6 to 30.1%) and Coahuila 1.1 points (from 25.8 to 26.9%).

As well as Guerrero that increased 1 percentage point (from 62.8 to 63.8%), Querétaro 1 point (from 37 to 38%), Michoacán 0.9 points (from 37.3 to 38.3%), State of Mexico 0.3 points (from 38.3 to 38.7%) and Sonora 0.2 points (from 26.6 to 26.8%).

Meanwhile, only in 11 states did the level of working poverty decrease compared to the period prior to the pandemic, of which six fell by more than two percentage points: Nayarit had the most significant decrease, of -5.2 points (going from 35.9 to 30.7%); Hidalgo -4.8 points (from 52.7 to 48%), San Luis Potosí -3.8 points (from 45.7 to 42%), Zacatecas -3.3 points (from 47.3 to 44%), Tamaulipas -2.9 points (from 33.8 to 30.9%) and Baja California Sur -2.5 points (from 18.1 to 15.6%).

And with declines below two points are Campeche, which had a drop of -1.6 points (from 41.5 to 39.9%); Colima -1.2 points (from 25 to 23.8%), Aguascalientes -0.8 points (from 35.6 to 34.8%), Morelos -0.7 points (from 51.9 to 51.2%) and Jalisco -0.05 points (from 25.8 to 25.7%).

According to the council, derived from the health emergency, the percentage of the population with labor income below the cost of the food basket reached its highest level, in the country, during the third quarter of 2020 (46.0%); since that date, it has registered a quarterly recovery trend, with the exception of the third quarter of 2021, which presented an increase of 0.9 percentage points.

High levels

As of the fourth quarter of 2021, seven states stood out for registering the highest levels of working poverty, above 50% of their population: Chiapas heads the list (69.3%), as well as Oaxaca (64%), Guerrero (63.8%), Veracruz (54.2%), Puebla (52.4%), Morelos (51.2%) and Tlaxcala (50.7%).

Meanwhile, only nine states registered levels below 30% of their population in working poverty: Baja California Sur (15.6%), Baja California (22.4%), Nuevo León (23.1%), Colima (23.8%), Jalisco ( 25.7%), Chihuahua (26%), Sonora (26.8%), Coahuila (26.9%) and Sinaloa (29.7%).

Labor income per inhabitant

Similarly, Coneval states that the purchasing power of real labor income per capita presented a quarterly decrease of 0.9% (23.91) in the country, between the third quarter and fourth quarter of 2021, going from 2,769.23 to 2,745.32 pesos.

However, in relation to the fourth quarter of 2019, it experienced a rise of 2.8% (73.83 pesos), when it was around 2,571.49 pesos.

Coneval measures working poverty through the Labor Trend Index of Poverty (ITLP), based on information from the National Survey of Occupation and Employment (Enoe); With this indicator, a quarterly follow-up is given to the evolution of labor income and its relationship with the monetary value of the food basket.

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