What rights and obligations will the unemployed have with the new employment law?

  • The draft law being finalized by the Government provides that all users have a reference tutor to advise them to find employment

The new draft of the employment law being finalized by the Government is born under the premise that the new Spanish Employment Agency is a more efficient body when it comes to reintegrating unemployed people into the labor market. To do this, the Executive creates a common portfolio of services for all users. Any unemployed person may claim in the corresponding employment office a series of basic rights to help them in their job placement, which must be available in all autonomous communities. A reference tutor, personalized training and insertion itineraries or a quota of minimum job offers per year are some of the novelties included in the latest draft to which EL PERIÓDICO has had access, and that could suffer some change in the final stretch of the executive process. These are the main keys that the new standard provides.

All people who go to the Spanish Employment Agency to register as job seekers will be assigned to a reference tutor. This will be a professional from the public employment services and will be responsible for guiding said unemployed during their process of training and finding a new job. The draft of the preliminary project establishes that a maximum ratio of tutors per unemployed must be set, to avoid saturation of the service.

This model follows the Nordic example and previous Ministries of Labor, such as that of the socialist Magdalena Valerio, tried to place this figure of the reference counselor for better efficiency. Well, this prevents the user from rotating and wasting time explaining their situation and profile to a new technician again.

Work file, profile and priority groups

Another issue that polishes the current bill, as described in the draft, is the creation of a “unique custom work record& rdquor ;. In the same way that when you go to the doctor, this professional can consult your file to know what diseases the user has suffered and how they have been treated; now all employment services will have a detailed history of the unemployed who comes to them.

This should include issues such as the user profile, with previous experience or acquired training; previous insertion itineraries; what training you have previously completed to retrain and the job offers appropriate to your profile that you have been rejecting or accepting to date; among others. This will be useful to the user in case they move or have to seek advice from another employment service, for an occupation program offered from the same, for example.

Custom itineraries

Once the user arrives at the public employment office and from there they prepare their individualized profile, the occupation technicians will have a period of one month to write a personalized insert itinerary. In this, a series of potentialities will be identified to recycle within the same union that the person had been exercising or for a new profile, with more possibilities with increasing demand.

And if the unemployed want to bet on recycling as self-employed, the new system is committed to maintaining the “advice for self-employment and entrepreneurship with guarantees & rdquor ;; as mentioned in the draft.

Mandatory training and basic skills

Training is an essential requirement within the new employment policy model. And the latest draft clearly specifies that “only exceptionally, can it be agreed that no short-term training needs are required & rdquor ;.

The new draft law also contemplates some basic skills that every user must handle. Well, from Work they consider that “the improvement of oral and written communication skills, as well as useful management of digital and technological tools are configured by this Law as basic skills for employability”; according to the draft.

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A quota of minimum offers per year

The employment services assume a responsibility with the user to send him a minimum number of “suitable & rdquor; job offers. The explicit commitment is a minimum of one per year. However, if before six months the employment services have not sent the user any, they must deliver a letter justifying why.

The priority groups

The norm also contemplates that there are some priority groups that, given their greater vulnerability in the labor market, deserve special attention to help them find employment. These are: those under 25 years old, those over 50 years old and women, as well as people with special abilities. In addition, the last draft also wants to give a gender perspective to the law and veto the incentives to hiring for those companies that, “framed in sectors with a difference between the percentage of male and female employment higher than the average, in the last exercise have not increased the proportion of female workers. “


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