The regulation requires that students “reach full command” of Catalan and Spanish at the end of secondary school
The current education law -Lomloe, known as ‘Celaà law’ by the last name of the former Socialist Minister of Education- forces the students to know perfectly the Catalan and Spanish when they finish the compulsory secondary stage. This is nothing new. It is something that happens in the classrooms of Catalonia, the reality of the day to day.
The norm, however, what it does do is convert immersion -with Catalan as the vehicular language- into a “Flexible and compensated model & rdquor;, as Isabel Celaá explained in her day. That is, students have to be proficient in both languages. If the teachers detect gaps in either of the two languages (whatever it is), the student must have reinforcement in class to overcome it.
The specific article was the result of a parliamentary agreement in November 2020 between the PSOE, United We Can and ERC which sought to shield linguistic immersion in Catalonia, a method that avoids social segregation and that the parties of the right have always tried to torpedo, even with legislative engineering.
The ‘Celaá law’ (the eighth educational norm of democracy) does not mention Spanish as a vehicular language. Not a single educational law has. The only one who did it was Lomce, better known by the surname of the PP minister who promoted it and who waged a war on Catalan, José Ignacio Wert.
The ‘Celaá law’ urges educational administrations to guarantee the right of male and female students to receive teachings in Spanish and in the rest co-official languages in their respective territories, in accordance with the Spanish Constitution, the statutes of autonomy and the applicable regulations. At the end of basic education, all male and female students must achieve full and equivalent proficiency in the Spanish language and, where appropriate, in the corresponding co-official language & rdquor ;.
The LomceMeanwhile, it pointed out that “the educational administrations will guarantee the right of students to receive education in Spanish, the official language of the State, and in the other co-official languages in their respective territories. Spanish is the vehicular language of education throughout the State and the co-official languages are also in the respective Autonomous Communities, in accordance with their Statutes and applicable regulations & rdquor ;.