The unions have decided to speak with one voice to denounce the reform of unemployment insurance. The CFDT, CFE-CGC, CFTC, CGT and Force Ouvrière (FO) reaffirm, Tuesday, February 23 in a joint press release, their opposition to measures whose repercussions “Will weigh heavily on the daily lives of women and men who lose their [poste] . If the position of these organizations was known for a long time, this is the first time that the five confederations have expressed, all together, their “Deep disagreement” in a text entirely devoted to the future of the compensation system for job seekers. Their initiative comes as the Minister of Labor, Elisabeth Borne, planned to discuss with them on March 2 on the subject.

The contested reform was the subject of two decrees in July 2019. Three provisions, criticized by the unions, concern people deprived of employment: increase in the period of contribution to be eligible for an allowance and to recharge the rights to compensation ; degression of the sums paid from the seventh month for the unemployed under 57 who earned 4,500 euros gross when they were in activity; new calculation formula, having the effect of reducing the benefit for those who alternate short contracts and periods of inactivity. A fourth measure – to which the employers are opposed – introduces a bonus-malus on contributions paid by companies with more than ten people, in seven sectors: those which often separate from their employees see their contributions increased, while Employers with a stable workforce are subject to lower levies.

Degression deemed “ineffective” and “dangerous”

Developed at a time when the economy was dynamic, these provisions were suspended, postponed or softened by the government, when the Covid-19 epidemic caused a brutal recession, from the spring of 2020. Since then, the power in place initiated a reflection, in which the social partners are associated, with the aim of amending the content of the decrees of July 2019. Several scenarios are on the table, which will have the effect of changing the timetable for the implementation of the reform while by reducing its impact, for the unemployed as well as for businesses. Executive arbitrations are expected to fall in March.

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