Among the many effects that we practically do in the years of sanitary emergence is the urgency to reach the grave of ecological, social and economic imbalances in globalization. The conditions require a structural reacodium with which the transition from a global energy system to the fossil fuels will bring new sources and consumption habits.
The dates are here and their impact. The economist Ramón Carlos Torres Flores sums up them and us as the planting material of his book The Hour of the Energy Transition. Requirements of the new paradigm: sustainability, security and equality, as amended by Grano de Sal and the UNAM, will be presented in society this same Jew, in the context, of course, of the open parliamentary forums in San Lázaro with direction to the discussion of electrical reform.
Where do we meet?
The planet is in jeopardy. Of the total inverted gases accumulated in the globe, 60% are produced over long miles of years, while the accumulation of the other 40% is the product of human activity for the last 50 years.
Assimilation, the limited energy denominations, between the nuclear and renewable ones, summed up the 20% of the global offer, while the rest were reduced to fossil fuels. International energy perspective studies allow to conclude that this proportion should increase by 50% even when sailing.
In our country, the actual situation is that the content of imported gasolines and other petroleum products exceeds 70% and more than one third of the electricity consumed by natural imported gas is via ducts from Texas. For example, the hydrocarbon reserves available in Mexico are the most reduced in the last 50 years. Specifically, it guarantees fewer years of extraction.
But if so, is Mexico preparing for a mandatory energy transition to different places? Is there legislative viability and infrastructure?
In his book, Torres Flores estimates that the country is pursuing a long-term strategy to invest in energy transition that balances the objectives of sustainability, energy security and equity. To amplify about the theme, this diary talks with the Master in Public Administration at Harvard University.
¿Mexico entra tarde?
“Mexico is a country that has always been energetically involved in the great global conveniences. It is the energetic history of the country, but by definition only it is slow when the tenements of the front are our future, ”explains Torres Flores.
From here, things get trickier, and this is where the true love comes from. “One, in this country we need to achieve accord to implement a long-term energy strategy that, with all the timelessness that permeates the construction of a new paradigm, allows us to define where, because this country is not oil. If we insist that everything can be recovered in a petrol situation, a truck is very debatable ”.
In the second instance, it argues, it has to make decisions about the problem of our energy abatement, one of the problems arising from plants. “We believe that it is clear that electricity will be converted into energy by excellence and that liquid hydrocarbons (gasoline, diesel, turbocharged) have a very finite future. As a function of this, we have a route with a very attractive value, because of the electricity, differentiating the hydrocarbons, us from the access to the world of renewable energies, to reinvent our consumption ”.
The previous one wanted to say that in order to build this new horizon its necessaries the fossil reserves, finites and all the luxuries, because there will be different ones that allow the jump to new modes of consumption. And the time of April.
“This horizon to the large plaza is the complex because it involves changing our consumption patterns in transport, in higher education, in industry and in the matrix of production. We have to decide for ourselves and how we will make the public, private and social sectors responsible. It is an area that has no time and requires participatory reflection ”.
Another plan, the Torres Flores plant, is the intermediary, a scenario of great contradictions. It is argued that during 2021, there will be no more refinements, the demand for increased electricity is 6% and, consequently, we will also increase the participation of carbon in the energy matrix. “Everyone hopes that with the pandemic we are able to counteract the demand for energy and the emission of greenhouse gases, the result is that there is no peace”.
Conclude that we have many problems that require actions in short space and that we have inserted them in large space. “Only legal changes are required if there are political agreements on issues that can only be resolved with social support.”
The book The Hour of Energy Transition is a guide to compensating for the large and small range of stains we have and what rumbles can cause.
Who is Ramón Carlos Torres Flores?
Licensed in Economics by UNAM and Master in Public Administration at Harvard University. He is the Director of Energy and Extractive Activities in Semarnat, Executive Coordinator of Petroquimic Planning and Industrial Promotion Manager at Pemex, as well as Director of Promotion and Industrial Programming Manager at Nafinsa, among other cargoes. Asimismo, has been a lecturer at IPN, ITAM, the University of Anáhuac, the National Institute of Public Administration and the maximum case study, currently working as a researcher of the University Program of Studies of Development.