The journalist Julia Otero has announced live this Monday that she suffers from cancer, but did not mean to say what type of tumor It is faced-although personalized medicine makes this end less decisive.
However, if you have taken the opportunity to launch a message that could almost be used as a public health campaignas you have indicated how your diagnosis took place. “Last Tuesday in a routine check, the kind that we all have to do, the surprise came. Selfish cells appeared in a little corner, as Dr. López Otín calls them “.
Without going into speculating about the journalist’s specific diagnosis, the reality is that, as she herself has said, some cancers are found in “routine checkups”. Unfortunately, they are not all.
The good news for fans and followers of the journalist is that a cancer detected in a review it is usually diagnosed earlier than one that is localized by presenting symptoms.
But what kinds of cancer are the most likely to be detected in routine check-ups or check-ups? In women, there are three fairly common screening programs: cervical cancer screening, breast cancer screening, and colorectal cancer screening. In men, the two most common would be the colon and the prostate.
Although more optional, dermatological check-ups are also quite common to try to locate skin cancer and, above all, its most aggressive version, melanoma.
The cervical cancer It is found early with cytology or human papillomavirus (HPV) detection tests and is recommended especially for women between 25 and 64 years of age who, according to the different programs, would have one or the other test.
From 25 to 34 years old, the Ministry of Health recommends make one cytology every three years and, from 35 to 65, one HPV determination high-risk.
The breast cancer it is one of the tumors with the most established screening or early detection program in Spain. Although the age of onset varies between autonomous communities, what the Ministry recommends is to perform mammograms every two years from 50 to 69 years.
The Colorectal cancer it also has an important public health screening program, which also varies slightly between regions. The Ministry recommends doing a fecal occult blood test for men and women between 50 and 69 years old every two years.
Men would be joined by controversial prostate cancer screening, whose efficacy to detect early and reduce the mortality of this type of tumors is quite questioned, although it is very common especially in private medicine. The tests consist of a digital rectal examination and a PSA blood test.
Finally, people with very fair skin or with abundance of moles on your body they usually undergo screening for early skin cancer detection, but these are not established programs because there is no evidence that screening is an effective tool to reduce mortality.
As explained in this article from the Spanish Society of Medical Oncology (SEOM), only population screening for the detection of tumors of the uterine cervix, breast and colon is justified, which is not an obstacle for some people to opt for check-ups or other specific tests that have not been proven to be effective or cost-effective.