The usefulness of Catalanism, by Joaquim Coll

Democracy and autonomy are the two founding ideas of the pact of the Transition. The catalanism participated prominently in that process and made a substantive contribution to Spanish political culture with the idea of self-government for all the peoples of Spain. Indeed, the autonomy that was claimed – along with freedom and amnesty – was never understood as something exclusive to historical nationalities, a vague denomination that, although the Constitution does not specify who it refers to, everyone then understood that it did. reference to those territories that in times of the Second Republic promulgated statutes (Catalonia, the Basque Country and Galicia) and that also had a unique identity, different from Spain with a Castilian matrix. Nor can it be said that in 1978 there was a Willingness to competently differentiate the nationalities of the regions, nor that this was a wish of the Catalan parties. Both the PSC, which won all the elections until the first autonomic elections of 1980, and the PSUC, which was the second force, were in favor of repeating the republican formula that, if the result of the civil war had been another, would have ended up drawing a map of fourteen autonomies. Even Miquel Roca, which represented the Catalan Minority in the constitutional debates, made it clear that the term nationalities was a self-denomination that the autonomous communities could give themselves, but without an additional bonus of competences. Actually, what was important about the term nationalities was the interpretation of Spain as a nation of nations. Roca himself alluded to the multinational reality of the Spanish nation. And the communist Jordi Solé Tura, another Catalan father of the Constitution, affirmed that Spain is not an invention, an artifice, but a historical reality that has been poorly organized politically and we want to organize better politically.

Keep reading….

Leave a Comment