The mythological Spain of Belloch, by Marçal Sintes

He has retired at the age of 72 Juan Alberto Belloch. We are not talking about a secondary actor in Spanish politics. Belloch was, between 1993 and 1996, Felipe González’s ‘super minister’, that is, holder at the same time of Justice and Interior. González, besieged at that time by the GAL scandal and multiple corruption cases, signed judges Belloch and Garzón to try to whiten his battered image. Garzón would not last long at González’s side. It was not like that in the case of Belloch, who left the government when Aznar finally got Moncloa. Later, The judge would occupy the mayor’s office of Zaragoza, his hometown, for 12 years.

Well, in his farewell, Belloch has made some interesting statements – collected by this newspaper – about what, for him, a socialist and someone who, I presume, also considers himself progressive, is Spain. His words deserve attention not only because of who he is, but also because, unfortunately, they perfectly represent what many, left and right, believe.

To the question about whether it is “redrivable & rdquor; the situation in Catalonia, the former minister replies: “My father, who unfortunately died many years ago, used to say that the only real problem in Spain was not the Basque Country, but Catalonia. He said it when terrorism was at its peak, and it may be that my father was right, that The situation in Catalonia is much more dangerous, in institutional terms.”

Why is it so much more dangerous? Because terrorism “generated and generates pain, rage, indignation, but it does not question the rule of law. Deep down, on the contrary, it reaffirms it & rdquor ;. While ETA’s terrorism is a “war that seems reasonably finished and won”, continues Belloch, “the issue of Catalonia does not appear to be mature”. And ditch: “Catalonia still requires some other defeat of the independence movement for them to react & rdquor ;.

Rarely so few words manage to say so much. First, a clarification regarding the lexicon. When Belloch and so many others accuse sovereignty – which claims that the Catalans can decide their collective future – or the independence movement of attack the rule of law what they really mean is that they question the unity of Spain, which is very different. The rule of law is contingent and is transformed. What, on the contrary, for them should not change under any circumstances is their dogma about what Spain is and must continue to be.

The former socialist leader points out that the “war & rdquor; against ETA it strengthened Spain. It is plausible that this was so, since the ETA members killed, and, therefore, it was a fight between good guys and bad guys, so many more explanations were not necessary.

Belloch adds that, although the “war & rdquor; in the Basque Country it is won, in the case of Catalonia what would be convenient is neither more nor less “some other defeat” so that the Catalans “react & rdquor ;, that is, so that give up your aspirations. Before, he had pointed out that any government would do what Rajoy did with the independence movement.

The former minister wastes no time in offering any alternative for Catalonia. Either it conforms – it assimilates, it merges – with the idea of ​​Spain that he – together with so many members of the political, judicial, financial and media apparatuses that boss the State – is not willing to renounce or will have to force it based on of sticks or, as he says, of new “defeats & rdquor ;. Some defeats that, as in the case of October 2017, are followed by a systematic application of the lesson, even if it is at the cost of violating the elementary rules of the rule of law that it claims to defend or make a fool of itself before the whole of Europe, as happens time and again in the case of exiles.

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At no time does Belloch refer to the possibility of dialogue or building bridges with Catalonia, of making an effort to understand the reason for Catalan dissatisfaction.

No, Belloch speaks of wars, defeats and, consequently, of enemies. The enemy is a Catalonia that poses a threat to a Spain that, although it lives in the minds of many, has nothing to do with the Spain of the 21st century. His Spain is a Spain that is the daughter of melancholy, petrified and allergic to diversity. A mythological chimera, which does not even fit into the spirit of the Constitution, that is, into the spirit of 1978, more than 40 years ago.

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