The Gambia, the only country in the world on track to meet the goals of the Paris agreement

Almost all nations are falling short, most of them very short, in their efforts to combat climate change, and the world is unlikely to keep warming within the internationally agreed limit, according to a new scientific report.

Only one nation, the tiny Gambia in Africa, is on track to reduce emissions and take its share of action to prevent the world from exceeding the Paris Agreement A goal of limiting warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) of warming since pre-industrial times, according to the report.

Only one industrialized nation, the UK, is even close to doing what it should to reduce heat-trapping gas emissions and finance clean energy for poorer nations. Climate Action Tracker reported Wednesday.

In May, after US President Joe Biden’s Climate Summit, enough nations had promised large enough carbon pollution cuts that the tracker said that the “emissions gap,” the difference between the promised emissions projections and what is required to meet the 1.5 target degrees, was reduced by 11%.

“That momentum has not been sustained,” said report co-author Bill Hare, chief executive of Climate Analytics. “We are running out of countries to step up their additional emissions commitments to close the gap.”

Unlike its previous reports, which only looked at pledges to reduce carbon pollution and policy changes, the new ratings include monetary issues. Finances are essential for climate negotiations this fall in Scotland, So the report examined rich nations’ commitments to help pay for clean energy for poor nations, said Hare, a climate scientist.

That hurt the rankings of the United States and the European Union.

The report called the efforts of the United States, the European Union, Germany and Japan “insufficient” and more in line with global warming of 3 degrees Celsius (5.4 degrees Fahrenheit) since the late 1800s.

The world has already warmed 1.1 degrees Celsius (2 degrees Fahrenheit) since then, so these countries are on their way to making the world 1.9 degrees Celsius (3.4 degrees Fahrenheit) warmer than it is now.

While the Official US Emissions Pledge is almost sufficient, the overall rating “reflects that Biden has not implemented its policies,” Hare said. The report gave America’s financial aid commitments the worst possible rating.

China, the largest carbon emitter and India’s third largest carbon polluter are what the report calls “very insufficient” or more in line with 4 degrees Celsius (7.2 degrees Fahrenheit) of warming since pre-industrial times.

Report: Most nations fall short on plans to slow warming. #Climate Change #Global Warming #Climate Emergency

“We just don’t see enough action coming from China,” Hare said.

Hare said Brazil and Mexico “backed down” in their fight to curb warming. The report lists Iran, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, and Thailand at the bottom.

The Associated Press Department of Health and Science receives support from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute’s Department of Science Education. AP is solely responsible for all content.

Reference-www.nationalobserver.com

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