Jordina, Pilar, Betty, Lucy, At the, Antonella and Pamela. They are the names of the seven murdered women by their partners or ex-partners throughout this 2021 in Catalonia. In Spain, since the count of sexist murders began on January 1, 2003, the number of fatalities due to gender violence is 1.118, according to data from Ministry of Equality. This Thursday, November 25, the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women.
The April 14thIn Manresa, Jordina was strangled to death. He had two daughters ages 7 and 4. The April 27, in La Bisbal del Penedès, Pilar died because her boyfriend – supposedly – doused her with gasoline and then set her on fire. He had an adult daughter. Betty’s murder in Creixell was public on May 18 but he was shot in the face and another in the chest between May 12 and 13. He had two grown children. He too May 18, Lucia was stabbed in Corbera de Llobregat. Her husband hanged himself after killing her. They had two children, the eldest, 13, was the one who discovered the bodies. The June 2ndAlla was stabbed by her husband in their house in Porqueres. The dawn of July 30, Antonella’s body appeared completely charred in a plot of Sant Vicenç de Castellet. Her husband hanged himself in front of their 2-year-old daughter with the car seat belt. the same July 30Pamela, 25, was found dead at home with symptoms consistent with strangulation. Her husband, who was under a restraining order that she broke, was arrested for her death. The seven crimes have orphaned eight children, five of whom were minors.
The pandemic pothole
Just one of the women, Pamela, had a protection measure that was useless. The rest were not protected. The environment of two of them was aware of the hell they suffered, that of the other five had no idea what was happening within those relationships. These last factors, analyzes the cape Andrea Garcia of the Mossos d’Esquadra, are due to “greater social isolation & rdquor; caused by the pandemic, during which situations of violence have passed further from the public eye and, consequently, the victims have been more alone.
The X-ray of the data handled by the Catalan police detects the passage of the coronavirus in more respects. The main one is that, until this November 25, a total of 11,407 have been collected, a sum that represents 7.9% more than in 2020 and 2.7% more than in 2019. That is, possibly now they have been presented to police stations by women who were unable to do so the previous year, when mobility restrictions, or even the strictest confinement, kept them locked up with their abusers.
Corporal García also puts the magnifying glass on minors: this year the victims who had not yet reached 18 years have grown by 20%. However, current young complainants represent 24.3% less than in 2019. In the case of adolescents, the majority of whom were 17 years old, they have not yet left the pandemic tunnel. “And the violence that occurs in the smallest is the same that the older ones reproduce & rdquor ;, he warns. In general terms, 93.3% of the women attended were adults. Most were between 31 and 40 years old.
When addressing the content of the complaints, Corporal García details that psychological violence is part of 52% of the testimonies collected. Physical violence accounts for 40% of cases and sexual violence 3%. Cybercrime is still a very minor phenomenon but, as the police emphasize, it is also the one that grows the most every year. Specifically, those known as ‘revenge porn’ – when the aggressor punishes the victim by publicly disclosing images or videos of sexual content with the purpose of humiliating her – continue to disturb the Mossos.
135 protected women
The Mossos give police protection to 135 women. When collecting complaints, victims complete an interview that measures the risk to which they are exposed. Depending on the result, the police propose in court that security measures be adopted. “Whether they are dictated or not, if the survey detects that there is danger, the Mossos offer this support,” emphasizes García, adding that the judges agree to establish restraining or accompaniment orders almost whenever the police propose it.
In some cases, the accompaniment of agents of the Catalan body is punctual and, for example, it is carried out in situations that are considered to be of greater exposure, such as going to or coming from work or taking and picking up the children from school, because they are part of of a routine that the aggressor may know. In other cases, the vigilance provided by the Mossos focuses on securing the home where the threatened woman resides. Finally, at the highest degree of risk, officials accompany women 24 hours a day because the man who wants to harm them could act at any time.