Radio spectrum: concession of the 6 GHz Band

The radio spectrum is the essential resource for the transmission of our communications. In other words, it is a kind of invisible highway through which our voice, text and data travel, enabling us to operate socially, economically, productively, educationally, culturally and for entertainment, among many other activities.

As a scarce and extremely valuable resource that is the spectrum, its efficient management and timely allocation is essential to optimize the provision and availability of telecommunications services. In recent days, the process of standardizing the 6 GHz band (upper 6G from 6.425 to 7.125 MHz) has begun as a portion of the radio spectrum for the transmission of International Mobile Telecommunications (IMT).

6 GHz band for digital transformation. Is it a mere event of international bureaucracy or should we care? 6 GHz is one of the optimal bands to provide wide area coverage, without interruptions and with high capacity connections. It is expected that its concession to IMT services will facilitate management, help the industry to meet more stringent requirements and, with it, mobile networks will create more economic and social value than any other wireless technology. This, by providing greater capabilities in the provision of 5G services, by improving mobile broadband (eMBB), by enabling the emergence of new use cases in industry 4.0, by helping to reduce the gap digital and control climate change.

All in all, it justifies the mobile industry’s commitment to a greater reserve of spectrum.

The work to develop standards for adjudication and use was carried out by the Third Generation Partners Project (3GPP), a conglomerate of organizations responsible for defining the specifications of a global cellular communications system.

In accordance with the GSMA (Global System for Mobile Communications Association), it supports and promotes this initiative to meet the growing consumption of mobile data. It projects that its award must be carried out in the short term to meet the requirements of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU).

Status of the 6 GHz Band in Mexico. In our country, it is necessary to move towards licensing the spectrum in the 6 GHz band, for which the IFT must consider the possibility of releasing the lower portion of it (5.925–6.425 MHZ) in the short term and assigning the 6.425– 7.125 MHz for 5G IMT, in line with GSMA recommendations.

The broad collaboration of the ecosystem of operators, equipment and infrastructure manufacturers, industry organizations and regulatory bodies is essential and even urgent, to achieve its commercial availability in 2023. Since 2019, the ITU, at the World Conference on Radiocommunications (WRC-19) approved the research on the development of IMT in the 6 GHz band. At the 6 GHz World Conference, more than 20 companies and industry organizations called for accelerating the aforementioned leasing of the 6 GHz band. 6 GHz. It is therefore expected that the regulator will act expeditiously, and in line with the recommendations issued, towards an optimal ecosystem in the provision of mobile telecommunications services, in which the highest standards are affordable.


Ernest Stones

Director General de The Competitive Intelligence Unit

Competitive intelligence

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