Outsourcing reform did not destroy jobs, it recognized real patterns: IMSS

Until now, the authorities have ruled out that there has been a massive unemployment scenario as a result of the outsourcing reform, as warned by some sectors in the process of negotiating the changes. What official figures indicate are changes in the configuration of the working population as a result of the adjustments made by employers to comply with the new legal provisions.

Norma Gabriela López Castañeda, Director of Incorporation and Collection of the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS), pointed out that the legal modifications to the outsourcing scheme generated a redistribution of workers, but not a drop in the number of affiliates before the institute.

“What we saw was a migration of generic sectors, from this sector that provides personnel services to productive companies. Although contracting in generic items fell, practically all economic activities such as trade or financial activities increased. Then, not that the job has been destroyed, what happened is simply that they migrated to where they had to be, “said the official during the Third International Compliance Congress by Thompson Reuters.

According to the IMSS, 2.9 million workers came out of a scheme of outsourcing and they were recognized for their royal patterns. The margin to operate as a specialized service provider is one of the factors that explains why some workers were not transferred.

“In social security there is a work dynamics permanent, this depends on many issues, such as a person who decides to start a business and ceases to be a subordinate person, another may be people who retire and finish their work cycle, that represents a percentage of around 87% of casualties . We did a previous, in the middle and after the reform and the percentages remain exactly the same. That means that there was no impact on casualties, ”explained the federal official.

But the IMSS figures are not the only ones that reflect a new distribution of the workforce. This migration of workers is also evidenced in four indicators of the National Institute of Statistic and Geography (Inegi) linked to personnel employed in manufacturing, construction, commerce and non-financial private services.

As of July, the index of employed personnel in the construction that is supplied by another company name began a drastic fall that has not stopped. The latest update of the National Survey of Construction Companies (ENEC) shows a monthly decrease of 30.8% in the non-dependent labor force, as a result of this the index fell to 38.8 points.

At the other extreme, during September the index of dependent staff of the company name grew 4.8% to settle at a value of 83.6 points, a level not seen since 2019.

“All sectors show a significant decrease in the busy staff which is supplied by another company name than the economic unit. In almost all of them, this is corresponded by an increase, of different magnitude, in the employed personnel of the same company name ”, Julio Santaella, president of Inegi, explained on social networks.

In the manufacture, the Monthly Survey of the Manufacturing Industry (EMIM) indicates a constant decrease as of June in the number of workers supplied by another company name. During the past month, almost 100,000 places were lost in this category, reducing the number of employed persons to 210,360 people, the lowest proportion in history.

Along with the contraction, the personnel dependent on the company name in the manufacture grew by 112,273 jobs, to reach 4.1 million people in this classification. In the same way, it is the highest quantity observed since there is a record.

Trade and non-financial services

At Commerce the trend has been similar. The Monthly Survey of Commercial Companies (EMEC) shows that in the wholesale trade the index of personnel dependent on the company name stands at 193.5 points (a new historical maximum) as a result of an increase of 8.5% in the last month, in a similar proportion was the decrease in workers supplied by another company, which stood at 47.6 points.

At retail trade the index of dependent personnel was located 111.3 points after an increase of 1%, although the personnel supplied decreased 4.3% to settle at 43.5 points.

The non-financial private services, one of the largest economic engines in the country, have had an atypical behavior compared to the other sectors. This is the only branch in which both the personnel supplied by another company name and the workforce dependent on the company name have had declines.

In the last month, the index of personnel supplied by another company name in this sector was 39.1 points, the new lowest floor in history, with a contraction of 8.2 percent. Dependent personnel stood at 92 points, also a record low, due to a 0.9 percent reduction.

In general terms, employment in non-financial private services continued its contraction for the third consecutive month. According to Gabriela Siller, director of Economic and Financial Analysis of Banco Base, this is due to the effects that the limitations established by the reform of outsourcing. “The performance of the indicator is the result of the effects in the sector derived from the limitation to subcontracting of the Labor Reform”, said the specialist,

Positive effects, but with challenges

Among the positive impacts of outsourcing reform, Normal Gabriela López highlighted that of the 2.9 million workers recognized by their employers, 210,000 were discharged with a permanent position, which represents a 7% growth in this type of jobs within the universe.

“That means that by migrating this universe, we are reaching a historical number in institutional records, where the minimum percentage of casual workers is 13 percent. Be careful, this does not mean that occasional jobs they were lost, but they were transformed into something much better, which are permanent jobs, “said the director of Incorporation and Collection of the IMSS.

Although 76% of workers transferred from an employment scheme outsourcing an operating company had an increase in its base salary of contribution, the social security authorities identified that 24% suffered from a decrease.

“We saw that some companies that had been trading with a very high premium and made this trick with wages, curiously they are the ones that did not officially present the employer substitution. So, with our faculties, we are going to look for these people to tell them that, if it is a duck, it does what and nothing, we just have to call it a duck, so we are going to ask that the rights of the workers be restored ”, the official warned.


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