Obesity, a preventable and controllable condition

The obesity and the overweight are some of the main health concerns around the world, and in Mexico it has become one of the main diseases.

According to figures from the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS), four out of 10 beneficiaries aged 20 years or more suffer from obesity and it is believed they could be even more.

This condition is a determining factor in developing chronic diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, cerebrovascular accidents, myocardial infarction, various types of cancerIt has even been linked to the complications of Covid-19.

According to the specialist diagnostic testing company Kabla, the Body Mass Index (BMI) can function as an indicator that helps us to know if a person suffers from this disease. This parameter can be known after dividing a person’s weight by their height squared. If you get a number greater than 25, you are overweight; If the number is between 30 and 34.9 it is grade I obesity, when it is between 35 and 39.9 it is considered grade II obesity and above 40 it is grade III obesity, called morbid obesity.

“A high BMI is a risk factor that can lead to chronic diseases and metabolic complications such as diabetes or hypertension. Monitoring of these diseases is vital, since periodic controls allow timely detection and better control of the disease, ”says Dr. Roberto Santos Gzz. Kabla Consumer and Home Products / Medical Affairs.

It should be noted that the BMI It is a useful measure for sedentary people, that is, they do not perform physical activity since for people who do carry out regular physical activity or are high-performance athletes, the method to determine overweight is determined by more parameters.

According to figures from the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI), the three main causes of death in Mexico, between January and August 2020, they were heart disease, Covid-19 and diabetes mellitus. And among the top 10 causes were other obesity-related conditions, such as cerebrovascular disease and liver disease.

recommendations

The IMSS It is pointed out that it is important that people suffer from this condition should be treated immediately and start to stop consuming processed products, high in sugar and fat. In addition to physical activity and sleep for at least seven hours a day.

“Obesity is a preventable and treatable disease, its care begins with weight control, a review of the general state of health in the Nutrition area and the precise follow-up of recommendations on diet and physical activity,” said Dr. Julia del Carmen Rodríguez García, head of the First Level Nutrition and Health Area of ​​the IMSS.

There are genetic causes, hormonal causes, and behavioral causes, but usually obesity It occurs when the person ingests more calories than is required with their physical activity. These excess calories end up accumulating in the body in the form of fat.

The doctor emphasizes that this excessive accumulation of fatty tissue, in relation to the total weight of a person, is generally more in the abdomen, hips, thighs O brazos, and it is not just a condition or characteristic, it is a chronic, preventable and controllable condition.

He emphasized that obesity generates different metabolic complications and predisposes to the development of other diseases such as diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases (high blood pressure or heart attack), cerebrovascular diseases (heart attack or stroke), different types of cancer (mainly breast and colon), fatty liver, polycystic ovary, joint problems and psychosocial problems (isolation, low self-esteem or bullying), among others.

The obesity It can occur at any age, even in children who are a vulnerable population, since they depend on their parents or caregivers and are in a stage highly influenced by advertising, so special care must be taken.

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Reference-www.eleconomista.com.mx

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