Manga and anime dictionary for parents and clueless boomers

‘Animation’ or ‘drawings’ in Japanese. Any audiovisual animation production produced in Japan. The series are usually adaptations of the sleeves.

‘Small’ or ‘tiny & rdquor ;, in Japanese. It is a style of drawing that is characterized by representing the smallest and plump characters, with large heads and eyes and short limbs. They tend to be adorable.


Abbreviation for ‘costume play’. It means dressing up as anime characters.



Art, especially drawings, made by fans that represent characters or situations from a manga or anime.


Abbreviation for ‘fan fiction’ in English. Story written by fans who use existing characters or story lines to create complementary stories to anime or manga.


Sub: format that refers to the animes in their original version with subtitles.

Dub: Anime dubbed into other languages.


Scenes in an anime that have no plot relevance and that are simply to attract adolescent boys. They tend to be sequences in which female characters take a shower or focus on their underwear or cleavage. Controversial, for sexualizing and objectifying women and girls.

Shonen: ‘boy’, in Japanese. Aimed at teenage boys, it features action-packed stories and battles that follow the life of a young protagonist (usually with powers of some kind) facing one or more villains. It is the most popular genre around the world. There are historical ‘shonen’ such as’ Dragon Ball ‘,’ Naruto ‘or’ One Piece ‘and other more recent ones, such as’ Boku no Hero Academia’ (‘My Hero Academia’), ‘Shingeki no Kyojin’ (‘Attack on Titan ‘) or’ Kimetsu no Yaiba ‘(‘ Guardians of the night ‘).

Shojo: Shojo: ‘girl’, in Japanese. Like ‘shonen’, ‘shojo’ is aimed at teenage girls. The protagonists are usually delicate and sentimental and the male characters, somewhat effeminate. Although the story line is more diverse than the previous one, there are also heroines, as in Sailor Moon or Cardcaptor Sakura. Other famous ‘shojo’ are ‘Fruits Basket’ and ‘Ouran High School Host Club’. Yes, both genders are very stereotyped.

His: ‘youth ‘, in Japanese. Genre intended for young adults. Berserk, Cowboy Bebop, and One Punch Man are some of the most famous examples.

Kodomo: ‘child’, in Japanese. Content intended for a child audience. Among the most popular ‘kodomo’ are ‘Doraemon’, ‘Ojamajo Doremi’ and ‘Ninja Hattori’.

Mecha: Distinguished by huge, anthropomorphic robots that often pilot humans. The most famous example is ‘Neon Genesis Evangelion’.

Hentai: ‘pervert’, in Japanese. Gender defined by nudity and explicit sexual situations.

Ecchi: initial of ‘hentai’, genre characterized by green humor, nudity or sexual situations. However, unlike the previous genre, it does not contain explicit scenes.

Yaoi: the plot centers on a romance between two male characters.

Yuri: same as ‘yaoi’, but with female characters.



‘Adorable’, in Japanese. It usually describes an aesthetic in pastel tones and somewhat childish. People, animals, objects or behaviors can be ‘kawaii’.



‘Comic’ in Japanese. Like anime, it is used to refer to exclusively Japanese comics. There are a variety of genres and for all ages. They are usually published by chapters in weekly magazines such as ‘Shounen Jump’. Graphic novels or ‘tankouban’ are compilations of about ten chapters.


Manga artist who is also the author of the plot. They tend to have a small group of assistants who take care of the backgrounds and landscapes of the panels. Sometimes, various’ mangakas’ form groups to bring their stories to life (example: CLAMP, authors of titles like Cardcaptor Sakura ‘.

People obsessed with anything, in Japanese. In the West it has been losing the negative connotation of Japan and is used to refer to anime fans.


Acronym for ‘Original Video Animation’. They are productions that are released on DVD and that are not intended for TV or cinema. They can be extra stories from existing anime that focus on minor characters like ‘Shingeki no Kyojin: Lost Girls or Haikyuu !!’ or ‘Riku vs Kuu’, or new stories.



Opening: song, usually happy and intense, at the beginning of each chapter of an anime with the opening credits. They change with each season or with each story arc and often generate discussions. The songs ‘A Cruel Angel’s Thesis’, from ‘Neon Genesis Evangelion’; ‘Tank!’, From ‘Cowboy Bebop’, or ‘Shinso wo Sasageyo’, from ‘Shingeki no Kyojin’.

Ending: song, slower than the ‘opening’, at the end of each chapter. After him, there are usually trailers or post-credit scenes.

Eyecatch– A type of interlude that introduces the beginning and end of ad breaks. Each anime has its ‘eyecatch’, although all include the logo of the series.

‘Voice actor’, in Japanese. Some are considered stars, like Mamoru Miyano (‘Light Yagami in Death Note’). Some ‘seyuu’ play boys, since they do not have such a deep voice. This is the case with Rumi Park, who voices Ed Elric from ‘Fullmetal Alchemist Brotherhood’, one of the most iconic characters and anime. Some are also singers (Miyano, for example) or voice actors, like Yuuichi Nakamura, the voice of ‘Captain America’.


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Perhaps the only anime the ‘boomers’ have seen. Created by Go Nagai, it is part of the emotional imagination of those who were children in the 70s. For all of them there is this reminder: even if you remember “breasts out!” From Aphrodite A, this proto-feminist scream was never said on the show.

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