Little progress in the fight against corruption

The fight against corruption in the country’s states has stalled, revealed the World Justice Project’s (WJP) Rule of Law Index (IED) in Mexico 2021–2022.

“As in previous years, this edition of the Index shows a lack of progress in factor 2: Absence of corruption, which fell in 16 states (Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chihuahua, Colima, State of Mexico, Guerrero, Hidalgo , Michoacán, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosí, Tabasco, Tamaulipas and Yucatán), and remained unchanged in 11 (Aguascalientes, Baja California, Chiapas, Mexico City, Coahuila, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Puebla, Sinaloa, Sonora and Tlaxcala).

“The indicators with the most falls were the absence of corruption in the Judiciary (sub-factor 2.2, with falls in 21 states), the one that measures the absence of corruption in the security and law enforcement systems (sub-factor 2.3, which fell in 17 states) and the absence of corruption among the authorities of the state executive power (sub-factor 2.1, which fell in 17 states and remained unchanged in 6)”, cites the document.

The “Absence of corruption” factor measures that this, defined as the use of public power to obtain a private benefit, in the local Executive, Legislative, and Judicial powers, and in the security and justice system, does not exist.

“This dimension considers three forms of corruption: bribery, undue influence and misappropriation of public resources, and is divided into four sub-factors” to measure:

  1. That the public servants of the state executive power do not incur in acts of corruption; that officials of the Judiciary do not abuse their functions to obtain private benefits.
  2. That security and law enforcement system workers are free from undue influence by private interests or criminal organizations.
  3. That the public servants of the Legislative branch refrain from requesting and accepting bribes or other incentives in exchange for political favors, legislative initiatives or the meaning of their vote in other decisions.
  4. In the case of the workers of the Executive power, the purpose of the measurement is to know if they do not incur acts of corruption; that is, if they do not incur bribes, informal payments, and undue influence in the provision of public services and in the execution of regulations.

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