Guillermo Fernández-Maldonado Castro, from the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, said that the Mexican State has the obligation to respect international agreements on the extraordinary, exceptional, temporary, restricted and subordinate use of the Armed Forces in tasks public safety.
During the XIV “Human Rights Forum of the Jesuit University System, Human Rights: The debts, capacities and wills of the State”, organized by the ITESO Jesuit University of Guadalajara, said that a UN commission that visited Mexico determined that the elements It is difficult for the Army to adhere to protocols of controlled use of force, since its nature is to subdue the enemy.
He mentioned that there is already an international ruling that says that “the maintenance of internal public order and citizen security must be primarily reserved for civilian police forces; (and) when exceptionally they participate in security tasks, the participation of the Armed Forces must be extraordinary, exceptional, temporary, restricted, subordinate and complementary and regulated by means of legal mechanisms and protocols on the use of force ”.
For this reason, he mentioned that “the debate on security strategies, the deployment of the Armed Forces or the creation of new civil security forces must take into account the voice and experience of the victims as a guide also to the standards themselves for decisions that are made. take from the State authorities ”.
María de Jesús Alvarado narrated the “Alvarado Case” that reached the IACHR. In December 2009, three members of his family, Nitza Paola Alvarado Espinoza, José Ángel Alvarado Herrera and Rocío Irene Alvarado Reyes, were detained by the military in Chihuahua and their whereabouts were never known again.
He said that on that date, the Army began to carry out operations to detain people for no reason. “I remember seeing in the Benito Juárez Ejido the Army helicopters and the military in the squares, they entered the schools and took all the children out of class and said they should enter for the children because they were looking for criminals; There was a lot of fear, there began to be uprisings, disappearances, torture and we decided to denounce ”, he narrated.
The events occurred within the framework of the so-called “War on Drug Trafficking” declared in 2006 by Felipe Calderón. As of March 2008, the Chihuahua Joint Operation was implemented in the state of Chihuahua, with the deployment of 2,000 soldiers and elements of the Federal Police.