Indigenous people, the sector of the population that suffers the most

In Mexico, nine out of 10 indigenous municipalities had more than 60% of their population living in poverty in 2020; which share similarities as characteristics of the areas in which they inhabit.

Aldama, Chanal, Chalchihuitán and San Juan Cancuc in Chiapas; as well as San Simón Zahuatlán in Oaxaca; which are indigenous localities, it was where more than 98% of its population is in a situation of poverty.

While, for a decade, these municipalities have not managed to get out of poverty. According to the Measurement of poverty in the municipalities of Mexico 2020 of the National Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy (Coneval), these localities remained, for 10 years (2010-2020), as the places with the highest percentage of population living in poverty.

Meanwhile, Coneval highlighted that the group of 15 municipalities with the highest percentage of the population living in poverty shares some characteristics in common, for example: they are all located in high and mountainous areas in the south of the country.

While its population ranged between 312 and 47,837 inhabitants and 14 of them are indigenous localities where the population is dedicated, mainly, to the activities of the primary sector such as agricultural, livestock, fishing, forestry and mining production.

In addition, six out of 10 people resided in localities with accessibility to low or very low quality paved roads. Chenalhó (Chiapas) and Cochoapa el Grande (Guerrero) present a high dispersion of localities.

On the other hand, according to the results of the Coneval Poverty Measurement, the 15 municipalities with the highest percentage of the population living in extreme poverty were located in the entities of Oaxaca (12), Chiapas (2) and Guerrero (1 ). All of them indigenous municipalities

The document added that most of these towns were located in areas with complex access, and with difficulties to access a paved road.

Furthermore, in 10 of these municipalities, more than half of the population presented a low or very low degree of accessibility; economic activities were also focused on agricultural, livestock, fishing, forestry and mining production, and the population ranged from 477 to 33,890 inhabitants.

Finally, it was indicated that, in 2020, only 5% or less of the population of 527 indigenous municipalities did not live in poverty.

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Reference-www.eleconomista.com.mx

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