In the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 attacks, the eyes of the whole world were riveted on these Pakistani Koranic schools, described as jihadist incubators. With drone attacks, the United States was quick to eliminate certain “madrasas” deemed problematic in tribal regions near the Pakistan-Afghan border. Then, the Pakistani government embarked on a vast reform of these schools. Pakistan today has around 21,000 “madrasas”, perhaps even more. Some are still resistant to government reform. However, according to Mohammad Arsalam of the Jamia Usmania “madrasa”, the vast majority of Koranic schools have taken the turn towards more modern education. Visit of the Jamia Usmania “madrasa”, founded in 2002 in the suburbs of Peshawar, Pakistan.