Immigration in Latin America

The migrant oil in Latin America is growing and continues to cause humanitarian crises throughout the region until the fundamental causes of displacement are addressed. The implementation of the situation requires a new pact to coordinate and intensify the efforts of donors, governors and aid organizations.

CIUDAD DE PANAMÁ – The majority of Latin American countries historically have been receptive to immigrants, but the increase in precedents in 2021 of the number of displaced persons in political maladministration, economic instability, violence, omnipotence , the Covid-19 pandemic and other factors imply that the governments of many governs to protect immigrants from the front line by way of the intentions incorporated into their policies.

One of the most preoccupying features of the Latin American migration situation is the breach that exists between the intentions of each country, as it expresses its migratory policies, and its capacity to proportion to the persons displaced by the protection. This suele is involved in the insufficient financial and technical support of the international community.

All countries in the region are undergoing tremendous efforts to manage the current migration crisis, prioritizing programs such as those with limited resources, but differences in emphasis that affect the movement of people, including immigrants and those who to the places that are most secure for them and their families.

Another problem is the lack of solutions in large numbers. We are thinking of the recent crisis in relations with the Haitians – as far as those who are trapped in the south of Mexico are headed by the frontiers of this country with the United States. Many of the Haitian miles that will be traversed by Panama in 2021 have been searched for security in South America since the 2010 devastating devastation, but there is no solution to the long-term crisis.

Some migratory routes are historical and represent the visas that the people use to escape the scourge or search for new opportunities during many generations, including the humanitarian crisis and the migratory flows that each produces in May. In Panama alone, the number of people who crossed the Darién carpet rose from 6,500 in 2020 to 124,875 during the first 11 months of 2021 (practically multiplied by 20).

Governments and international organizations, together with the local civil society, need to develop a more effective, collaborative and centralized strategy for people to manage their crisis. Panama is reconciling its paperwork on this migration route and increasing its efforts to provide medical attention to migrants. The steps taken by the patient are proportional to basic medical assistance and are analyzed to detect Covid-19 and other diseases.

Many immigrants and women seek refuge in the nutrient-rich and hereditary areas of the Darién Tapestry, a dense jungle that interrupts the Panamanian highway between Panama and Colombia. Alli contraen enfermedades, enfrentan animale peligrosos o letales y un paisje traicionero. Women and their children are particularly vulnerable to violence, sexual harassment, trafficking in persons and crime by criminal groups. The most disturbing thing is that one in five immigrants in the region is a nineteen (80% of them, less than five years old, a crucial step for their development to a large place).

No country can manage this issue by itself. The situation requires an international initiative to monitor migratory flows and to pay attention to displaced persons crossing Latin America. We need a system in which all countries share the responsibility to protect the people in transit, including the provision of basic questions such as medical attention, food, psychosocial support and security. Panama has been a busy cargo of these in Darién, but with the continuous increase of immigrants, it is one of the most urgent that the response involves more countries.

The International Rescue Committee (IRC) promotes many political markets (or agreements) to unify resources for the care of refugees and immigrants. The idea is to unite donors, recipient countries and humanitarian organizations to create systems capable of satisfying the needs of our vulnerable populations. Among their brands, the governing powers are committed to implementing policies that include the broad space to protect displaced people. As a counterparty, donors and financial institutions promise financial support and a large space to support its implementation.

The “agreements” model is implemented in Jordan with the support of the World Bank. Podría brindar un initial mark to improve the situation of immigrants in all Latin America. As a first step in launching this government-centered government, it will focus on the coordination and harmonization of its migrant policies. Existing mechanisms to help donors and peacekeepers forge concrete compromise agreements to finance, share costs, harmonize cross-border policies and promote security, documentation, education, employment, maintenance, support and care; but there will be a lot more attention and funding needed to complete the promise of these agreements.

To avoid crisis futures, we must resolve the main causes of migration, mainly violent conflicts, Covid-19, the climate change, systemic inequality and the lack of economic opportunities in countries from which people emigrate. It is not only about creating jobs and implementing development programs, but also to promote effective humanitarian and political support for protection.

The challenge is to break this cycle of migration and displacement that perpetuates itself, creating an entourage so secure for women to reconstruct their lives in other places as for women vuelven and their lands of origin. For example, the more than 100,000 Haitians who emigrate and seek refuge in South America will have the opportunity to become permanently alienated in order not to become sleep deprived.

The number of displaced persons in Latin America is increasing rapidly, and Panama and the IRC are relying on the governments, humanitarian organizations and multilateral institutions that are currently operating together. We need to protect vulnerable people and work to create a world where we can look for significant opportunities in our proposed countries and other cities, complementing all international and migration standards. The majority of immigrants and women seeking asylum in current affairs with this option.

If the international community does not dedicate more resources to help immigrants during their journeys, their simple problems and the humanitarian crisis in the regions of the region will be more frequent and serious. We need to repair this cycle before it is controlled for sale.

Meghan Lopez

Regional Vice President for Latin America of the International Rescue Committee.

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