Here is the new composition of the House of Commons


The Liberals, Conservatives and the Green Party all enjoyed modest gains in Ontario, the province at the heart of the electoral struggle with 121 ridings to conquer. The Liberal Party succeeded in electing 78 candidates (2 more than in 2019) and the Conservatives won 3 new seats.

In particular, Justin Trudeau’s party succeeded in wresting the riding of Hamilton-Mountain from the New Democrats with a majority of 800 votes. The Liberal candidate’s withdrawal from Kitchener Center also allowed the Green Party to take the seat. The party was only represented in British Columbia at the time of dissolution.

In Quebec

With its 78 seats, Quebec is the second province in terms of the number of representatives in the House of Commons. The day after the 2019 election, there were 35 Liberal seats, 32 Bloc members, 10 Conservatives and only 1 NDP.

This year, it’s almost the same in the province: the Liberals lost two seats to the Bloc Québécois, which now has 34 elected members. With these new results, Yves-François Blanchet’s party is the most represented in the Belle Province, with one more seat than the Liberal Party.

While Prime Minister François Legault had spoken in favor of a conservative government towards the end of the campaign, Erin O’Toole’s Party seats remained unchanged, with 10 elected – all in the same constituencies as the last ballot.

History repeated itself for the NDP this year: the deputy leader of the party, Alexandre Boulerice, is once again the only elected member of the party in the province. NDP candidate Ruth Ellen Brosseau found herself in the midst of a very close fight in the riding of Berthier-Maskinongé, but was ultimately unable to double the NDP membership.

British Columbia

While the results remained almost unchanged across the country, they varied particularly in British Columbia. One thing is certain, the Western Province is even more divided than in the last election: the Liberals won 15 seats, while the Conservatives and New Democrats are neck and neck with 13 seats each.

Erin O’Toole’s Party lost 4 seats, including 3 to the Liberal Party in close struggles. Two more seats were won by the NDP, including the riding of Port Moody-Coquitlam which had been snatched from it by the Conservative Party by 153 votes in the last ballot.

The Maritimes

The Liberals have managed not to lose too much ground in the Maritimes. Their number of seats remains the same in Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland and Labrador, where they captured an NDP seat. The Conservative Party, which was not elected in TNL in the last ballot, nevertheless had a candidate elected after a close struggle with the Liberals.

Justin Trudeau’s party mostly lost seats in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, the three allocated to the Conservatives. Liberal defector Jenica Atwin, who slammed the Green Party’s door earlier this year, won her bet by winning her seat after a hotly contested fight in Fredericton, with 502 votes in her favor.

Prairies, Nunavut, Yukon and Northwest Territories

The new results are exactly like the last election in the other provinces and territories, with the exception of the Conservative stronghold of Alberta. Erin O’Toole’s party, which was dominant with 33 seats, lost 2 to the Liberals. No Liberal MP was elected in Alberta at the end of the last election.

In the end, 158 seats were allocated to the Liberals, 119 to the Conservatives, 34 to the Bloc Québécois, 25 to the NDP and 2 to the Green Party. Overview of the gains and losses of each party.

Liberal Party

If his goal was to elect a majority government, Justin Trudeau lost his bet by electing fewer than 170 deputies, the threshold to be reached to obtain a majority. The Liberals were nevertheless returned to power with a total gain of three seats. In particular, the party succeeded in compensating for losses in Quebec and the Maritimes with new seats conquered in Ontario, British Columbia and Alberta.

Conservative party

Despite losses of seats in more conservative provinces such as Alberta and British Columbia, the Conservative Party has not suffered any losses nationwide. Erin O’Toole’s party has managed to find new seats in Ontario and Nova Scotia. He will form the official opposition in Parliament.

Bloc Quebecois

If it had tripled its membership in 2019, the Bloc Québécois did not continue its great momentum, with a gain of two seats this year. With its 34 elected out of the 78 in the province, it nevertheless forms the most represented party in Quebec in the House of Commons. Chief Yves-François Blanchet was aiming for 40 seats during the campaign.

New Democratic Party

The NDP turned the tide of the last two elections by not losing seats this year. With its 25 elected officials, one more than in the last election, it is still in 4th position nationally, behind the Bloc Québécois.

Green party

The Green Party failed to win new seats or to elect its leader, Annamie Paul, who came fourth in Toronto Center. Despite the urgency decried by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) a few days before the election was called, support for the party collapsed. He garnered 2.3% of the vote this year, compared to 6.5% in 2019.

The party is represented in British Columbia by former leader Elizabeth May and a new MP, Mike Morrice, in Ontario.

The People’s Party

Even if it did not elect any deputy, Maxime Bernier’s party won 5% of the votes in the country, against less than 2% in 2019. In front of his supporters, the leader declared that they had “made the history ”, at the end of election night. In Beauce, the leader was again defeated by the conservative Richard Lehoux. The party will therefore not be represented in the House of Commons, even if it obtained more votes than the Green Party.

Although a record number of women have been elected across the country this year, parity is still far from being achieved in parliament. 101 elected officials will take part in the 44th Parliament of Canada, or 30% of the House of Commons. Its composition still diverges from the reflection of the Canadian population, with an almost equal ratio of men and women.

Ditto in Quebec, with 52 men and 26 women elected this year, the same as in 2019. Women elected therefore only form 33.3% of the seats in the province. However, a woman was elected to the Conservative Party this year, in Bellechasse-Les Etchemins-Lévis. The party did not elect any woman in the last ballot.

Despite almost unchanged election results nationwide, there are around 50 new faces in Parliament. Among them, several recruits will take their first steps in politics, while others have regained a lost seat in the 2019 ballot. For their part, 286 elected officials return to their seats at the end of the campaign.

It is in Ontario that the majority of recruits will discover the seats of the House of Commons, with 24 new faces. In Quebec, 7 new candidates were elected, including 5 from the Bloc Quebecois.

The Liberal Party once again won the most seats without winning the popular vote. The Conservative Party won a majority of votes in the country, with 33.8% of the vote. With 158 seats, Justin Trudeau will lead a minority government, with the Conservative Party as the official opposition.

The NDP won more votes than in 2019, at 17.7% nationally. For its part, the Bloc won 7.8% of the vote, followed by the Popular Party of Maxime Bernier, which obtained 5% of the vote despite the fact that it had no deputy elected in the House. The Green Party and its two elected officials are still in last place, with 2.3% of the vote.

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