It is necessary to look up and glimpse what we will have in front of in 2024, once our country surpasses the populist nightmare. An inescapable priority will be to reformulate the development path towards the middle of the century, in such a way that we achieve an economy of net zero emissions of greenhouse gases, as required by science and international negotiation processes in the context of the Agreement on Paris, and the United Nations Framework Convention for Climate Change itself. This requires a profound technological and sector reconfiguration, and fundamental changes in consumption patterns. It will be necessary to propose, in 2024, a Green Economic Recovery Plan, which can be codified in 10 essential points.
FirstAs a structuring element, we will have to offer a New Nationally Determined Contribution (NDA) for the reduction of Greenhouse Gas emissions, with a 45% reduction by 2030 and achieving zero net emissions by 2050. This, replacing the shameful NDA presented by the current Mexican government to the United Nations in 2020.
Second, an industrial policy for the electrification of the vehicle fleet, and public investment in infrastructure for recharging electric vehicles, as well as fiscal incentives for their acquisition. This must be accompanied by regulatory changes to drastically increase the energy efficiency of internal combustion vehicles, with the prospect of completely eliminating their commercialization by 2035.
Third, new housing policy respecting containment perimeters, and reestablishment of conditional subsidies for low-income housing in urban areas with services and integration. Creation of an urban land bank for the densification and verticalization of cities, and design and construction of houses of social interest with thermal insulation, solar water heaters and photovoltaic solar electricity generation systems. Promotion of wooden buildings with new technologies for carbon capture, and involving construction companies and communities and forestry companies in this in order to accelerate the penetration of new technologies.
Room, gradual extinction and end of exploitation and use of hydrocarbons as fuels by 2045, use of natural gas as transition energy. Elimination of venting and fugitive emissions of natural gas (methane).
Fifth, large-scale investments in clean energies, expansion of the transmission network, and development of a smart grid, interconnection via submarine cable from the Baja California peninsula to the National Electric System, and possible interconnection with the United States and Central America. Zero emissions electrical system by 2045. Develop energy storage plants based on batteries, green hydrogen and reversible hydroelectric plants, and recover and relaunch electricity generation with nuclear energy.
Sixth, achieve a zero-emission land transport sector by 2040, including cargo and urban passenger transport, considering advanced battery and hydrogen technologies.
Seventh, zero deforestation by 2030, and doubling of the proportion of marine and terrestrial territory covered by Protected Natural Areas. New program for Sustainable Forest Development and Carbon Capture in rural forest communities. Payment for Environmental Services to ejidos, communities and individual owners. Large-scale forest restoration. Creation of a verifiable forest compensation system for carbon emissions from priority industries, such as cement and steel.
Eighth, adoption of new dietary patterns to substitute meat with vegetable and stem cell options.
Nineth, creation of a Sustainable Development Bank in charge of investing in waste management systems, wastewater treatment, clean electrical infrastructure, electric vehicle recharging systems, public transportation, housing conversion. Management and regulation of a national carbon market.
Tenth, establishment of a significant tax on carbon emissions, and development of a national carbon market for power plants, industries, transportation systems and forestry projects aligned with the objectives of the Paris Agreement.
With this plan and code, the Mexican economy would fully enter higher stages of development, competitiveness and modernity, based on a solid alliance between the government and the private sector, and with academic and research institutions.
Civil Engineer and Economist
Politician, liberal environmentalist and Mexican researcher, he has served as a public official and activist in the private sector. He was a candidate of the Nueva Alianza party for President of Mexico in the 2012 elections.