The Coordinating Committee of the National Anticorruption System is made up of the Superior Audit Office of the Federation, the Federal Judicial Council, the Anticorruption Prosecutor’s Office, the Secretariat of Public Function, the National Institute of Transparency, Access to Information and Protection of Personal Data , the Federal Court of Administrative Justice and the Citizen Participation Committee.

Time passes, and the consolidation of the National Anticorruption System (SNA) does not seem to come. Five years after the entry into force of the General Law of the National Anti-Corruption System, the possible disappearance of the five specialized anti-corruption chambers, such as that of a federal anti-corruption magistrate, is still missing.

In addition to a drop-in progress of the National Digital Platform and the conformation, in its entirety, of the Local Anti-Corruption Systems, including their policies to fight against bribery.

At the local level, it is the date on which only 18 entities have managed to approve their anti-corruption policies, with another six barely working on their development.

In CDMX, the Organic Law of the local prosecutor’s office is still lacking; in Nuevo León they do not have a control law and in Baja California and Baja California Sur they still do not have a specialized prosecutor in the fight against corruption.

The Senate also has pending to appoint one of the magistrates who are members of the Third Section of the Superior Chamber of the Federal Court of Administrative Justice and, despite the fact that the General Law of the SNA contemplates the creation of the Third Section of the Superior Chamber of the Court In addition to five Specialized Anti-Corruption Chambers in the country, which would be made up of three magistrates each, an initiative in the Senate of the Republic to eliminate the latter remains frozen.

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“Lack of capabilities”

Fernanda Avendaño, anticorruption coordinator of the Mexican Institute for Competitiveness (IMCO) warned that there are two main elements that are missing to talk about a true fight against corruption in Mexico on the one hand, she said, the best use and monitoring of public resources and, on the other, the strengthening of the institutional capacities of those that are made to investigate, prosecute and punish corruption.

In the first case, he argued that it has been observed that a large part of public resources go to public contracting and purchases and that is where in recent years, specifically, the risk of corruption has increased in 59% of federal institutions.

Speaking specifically about the SNA, the expert considered that progress has been slow. “I believe that the SNA does go beyond political times and a color or a movement within an administration.”

For Ricardo Salgado Perrilliat, Technical Secretary of the Executive Secretariat of the SNA, the work carried out so far is “satisfactory”, while he did not consider that there is no disinterest on the part of the federal authorities towards the SNA, despite the indications from the Federal Executive who assert that the creation of the was a simulation.

Perrilliat acknowledged that there is still a need to “interconnect at least six platform systems of all entities in the country and all public entities, that is what I could consider to be the next stage.”

Pending commitments

According to the IMCO, since 1999, Mexico has not imposed a single sanction for international bribery and in 2021 it has not initiated any investigation, so the lack of monitoring of corruption crimes could cause complaints to Mexico and impact its ability to renegotiate trade agreements.

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When analyzing the role of Mexico, the IMCO identified that, more than 22 years after the criminalization of this crime, as well as the signing of multiple international treaties, the status of the investigations initiated by the Attorney General’s Office (FGR) is unknown. ) for that crime.

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