Applications for carpooling, VTC drivers, home deliveries, sites for working in a network and remotely …: digital platforms have invaded our lives and transformed the economy. A figure from the report of the International Labor Organization (ILO), published on Tuesday, shows the extent of the phenomenon: over the past decade, the number of digital platforms has quintupled.

On the one hand, they offer, the report explains, “new employment opportunities, including for women, people with disabilities, young people“and they”allow businesses to access an abundant and flexible workforce.

But there is also a slightly darker side when it comes to social rights. “Frantic pace, low wages, gender pay gap “, ILO list; working conditions can also take a hit.

These platforms “pose enormous challenges because they transform the organization of work”, Guy Ryder, ILO Director-General told euronews. “And whatever we’ve put in place over the years to regulate work, to make sure it works under acceptable conditions, doesn’t really or automatically apply to platforms. Digital labor platform workers are they employees or independent contractors? This is a critical question. “

Numeric fraction

The people working for these platforms do not always have the same social protections as traditional employees.

Another problem: the explosion of digital platforms tends to increase the digital divide. “96% of investments take place in Asia, North America and Europe “, underlines the report, which notes that companies often located “in northern countries subcontract to southern countries”, where workers are generally less well paid.

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