One of the most frequent remarks made by the people of the regime, socridas ad nauseam in the Abierto Parliament, about President López’s electric counter-reform proposal, is that the State loses control of the sector with the 2013 reforms. This is completely false. The verdict is that the State has never lost control, and it has a theoretical and practical meaning. The electrical sector includes components such as its natural monopolies (such as transmission and distribution devices) and has important externalities associated with atmospheric contamination, inward gas emissions, and also benefits the general public and its development. It is a fundamental public service. Therefore, the control and regulation of the State are indispensable.
Without embargo, the generation of electricity is not a natural monopoly, nor is it a public good in economic terms, and it must develop in an efficient regulatory environment, through the pursuit of competence, private participation, and marketing, with the finalization of logging Cost minimization, as well as energy transition, sustainability and limping energies. This is what the 2013 reform will look like.
The control of the State is absolute. The electric system and the electric market have a single operator, the National Energy Control Center (CENACE), which is an autonomous body of the State. CENACE has operational control over the national electricity system; have the necessary and interconnected power plant studies to meet the criteria to ensure the reliability and stability of the system in a continuous balance between offer and demand; guarantee access to non-discriminatory electrical equipment; organiza subastas de largo plazo; energy storage based on the economic merit (which favors the energy-efficient power plants given that their marginal costs are in this case: the sun and wind, and the internal temperature of the earth is free); authorizes the plant and plant maintenance service; opera el Mercado Eléctrico Mayorista; determine the expansion, amplification and modernization of the electrical system, the national transmission network and the general distribution networks; realizes prognostic demand and electrical generation including intermittent generation to ensure reliability; incorporates elements for an intelligent electric power supply (primarily for limp energies and energy transition); coordinates with carriers and distributors; and guarantee the energy collector of the National Electric System in case of accidents and contingencies, among many other areas.
The Energy Regulatory Commission (CRE) is an autonomous organ of the State, impartial regulator, which determines tariffs, prices, contracts and benefits; otorga Licensed Energy Certificates and verify the completion of Leap Energy Licensing obligations on the part of generators and users; authorize CENACE llevar a cabo subastas to acquire power; and expedite protocols for the CENACE to manage the contract of potency in emergencies. All of these, likewise, are among other innumerable functions.
La SENER has in its charge the Sectoral Energy Program; the National Electricity Sector Development Program (PRODESEN); toda’s energy policy of the country, as well as the mid-term and long-term energy planning, economic and social directives for the paraestatal energy sector, is ultimately the work of the Universal Electricity Service Fund financed by the Mayor Electric Electricity. SENER also has the same concessions, authorizations and permits in energy matters, in accordance with the applicable provisions. También also establishes the obligation of usable energy for large qualified users. Finally, the CFE is a productive company of the State that has the monopoly of the transmission network, the distribution channels, and now, of the basic mining systems to the population. También participates in generating energy and competing with private companies in the markets.
Nadie pretends to appear at the CFE. The operational problems that exist can be resolved administratively without any constitutional reform. However, it is not uncommon for the State to control the national electricity system. We do not want our monopolies and unjustifiable, inefficient and corrupt monopolies, but the country suffers from an energy crisis due to lack of investment and the ability to execute new projects. We also want an absurd regression in the predominance of fossil fuels, obsolete and contaminants, at high costs and rates for the Mexican population and businesses, without an unacceptable concentration of power in a single person (Bartlett); as it pretends the counter-reform proposed by President Lopez.
Civil and Economist Engineer
Verde en Serio
Politician, liberal ecologist and Mexican investigator, has worked as a public official and activist in the private sector. Fue candidate of the New Alliance Party for President of Mexico in the 2012 elections.