Nearly a hundred civilians were evacuated from the Azovstal plant, a redoubt of the last Ukrainian forces in the city of Mariupol under siege by Russian troops, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky said on Sunday.
This announcement came after the UN confirmed that an “evacuation operation is ongoing” in Azovstal, in coordination with the Red CrossRussian troops and Ukrainian forces, without elaborating.
The industrial area of Azovstal is the last holdout of Ukrainian resistance in the southern Ukrainian port city of Mariupol, which is now controlled by Russia.
Living conditions in the network of tunnels under the steelworks were described as appalling. So far previous evacuation efforts have failed.
“The first group of about 100 people is already on its way to a controlled area. Tomorrow we will meet them in Zaporizhia,” Zelensky said on his Twitter account.
Evacuation of civilians from Azovstal began. The 1st group of about 100 people is already heading to the controlled area. Tomorrow we’ll meet them in Zaporizhzhia. Grateful to our team! Now they, together with #ANare working on the evacuation of other civilians from the plant.
— Володимир Зеленський (@ZelenskyyUa)
May 1, 2022
In parallel, the Russian Defense Ministry claimed that 80 civilians had left this industrial site and were driven to Russian-controlled eastern territories.
The Ministry of Defence released a video of the evacuations showing civilians arriving by bus in the town of Bezimenne, halfway between the Russian border and Mariupol, where they are greeted by UN and ICRC envoys under the surveillance of the Russian soldiers.
It is not clear where the difference in evacuees between one source and another comes from, but the Russian Ministry of Defense already announced on Saturday that about 50 civilians had left Azovstal.
The fate of civilians in this strategic city has focused the attention of world leaders.
This Sunday, the pope reiterated his request that safe humanitarian corridors be opened during the Angelus prayer in Saint Peter’s Square in the Vatican.
“My thoughts are with the Ukrainian city of Mariupolcity of Mary, bombed and destroyed in a barbaric way,” the pontiff said.
The invasion launched by Russia February 24 has left thousands dead and millions displaced, and Western countries and their allies have moved to deliver war aid to Ukraine and have imposed harsh sanctions on Russia.
“Don’t be intimidated by thugs,” House Speaker Nancy Pelosi told a news conference in Poland after visiting Ukraine on Saturday, where she met with President Zelensky.
Pelosi — who is the third highest representative office in the United States, after the president and vice president — expressed her country’s “unequivocal” solidarity with Ukraine.
“The United States leads the strong support for Ukraine in the fight against Russian aggression,” Zelenskiy tweeted to accompany a video where he is seen greeting Pelosi and the congressional delegation at the presidential gates in kyiv.
Zelensky welcomed the “very important signals” given by the United States and President Joe Bidenwho asked Congress on Thursday for an additional 33 billion dollars for Ukraine, of which 20 billion will go to weapons, almost seven times more than the amount of weapons and ammunition already supplied to that country since the Russian invasion began.
In this sense, Pelosi promised that legislation will be passed to approve the aid proposal launched by Biden.
“Difficult situation in the east”
The conflict is concentrated in the east and south of Ukrainealthough there are Russian missile bombardments throughout the country, mainly with the aim of destroying infrastructure and supply routes.
For the Russians, the total conquest of the port city of Mariupol it would allow them to unite the conquered territories in the south, notably the Crimean peninsula annexed in 2014, with the pro-Russian breakaway republics of Donetsk and Luhansk in the east.
Precisely on this eastern flank, the Russian army, numerically superior to its Ukrainian adversary and better equipped with artillery, is seeking control, from the north and south, to complete its domination over the donbas.
A senior Ukrainian military official said he had talks with US Joint Chiefs of Staff Mark Milley about the “difficult situation in the east,” particularly “in the Izium and Sieverodonetsk areas, where the enemy concentrated its maximum efforts.”
Russian bombardments this Sunday on areas of Kharkiv Y Donetsk they left eight civilians dead, four of them in the city of Lyman, close to the front and threatened by the Russian advance, the regional governments announced.
But Ukrainian forces have also recaptured territory in recent days, especially around the city of Kharkov.
One of the areas recaptured from Russian control was the village of Ruska Lozova, which evacuees say was occupied for two months.
“We stayed in the cellars without food for two months, we ate what we had,” a 40-year-old inhabitant told AFP.
Introduction of the ruble
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov maintains that the military operation is proceeding as planned by Russia and warned Western countries to stop sending military aid to Ukraine.
In areas controlled by RussiaMoscow seeks to establish dominance and on Sunday introduced the ruble as currency in the Kherson region, although it will also allow payment with Ukrainian currencies.
“As of May 1, we are going to incorporate the ruble zone,” Kirill Stremousov, the governing authority Kherson, was quoted as saying by the Russian state agency RIA Novosti.
The administrator indicated that there will be a period of four months during which the Ukrainian currencies can be used, but after that there will be a complete change to the ruble.
Meanwhile, on the front lines, the Ukrainian military rotates to combat fatigue and hold their positions on the front line.
“Everyone understands that we have to hold the line here, we can’t let the enemy get close,” Lieutenant Yevguen Samoilov told AFP during an operation to allow his troops to rest after two months of fighting.
“We try to resist with all new strength,” he said.