Doubts and debates about the war in Ukraine, by Ruth Ferrero-Turrión


With increasing frequency and virulence are articulated speeches loaded with accentuated McCarthyism that, from moral arguments, drastically condemn any type of argument that attempts an alternative articulation to the one used by a good part of the Western political-economic elites. In this way, any questioning of the explanation of the conflict that flees from black and white, from the fight between good and bad, and with me or against me, is automatically attacked viscerally with accusations that range from the mild description of ‘equidistant’ , going through ‘pro-Russian’ or ‘proPutin’ until reaching other thicker names. At this point, any simple attempt to search some way out different from that of the prolongation of the war is considered almost as a reason for ‘high treason’, under the accusation of collaborating with the cause of the Kremlin when not of “buying the arguments disseminated by Russian propaganda & rdquor ;. It is not clear if what is behind it is an accusation of being stupid and not realizing the lies that one spreads or if, on the contrary, the accusation is that of intentional manipulation in order to undermine the true arguments.

Thus, the dominant discourse that very clearly incites the spirit of war, which is committed to a Total defeat without contemplation of Putin and Russiahas become one of the mainstays with which the continuity of the war is spurred, already forming one more instrument of propaganda used, as in all wars, by both sides.

This situation that is being experienced in Spain is not strange in other European countries either. But perhaps one of the places where it is being felt the most is in Germany. It is in this country where not only politicians, but also economic and social actors, are involved in a maelstrom of accusations that astonishes locals and strangers. Politicians of all parties have been accusing each other for weeks of not doing enough to help deter Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

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German foreign policy in terms of its ‘Ostpolitik’ has been characterized, for years, by the maintaining fluid relations with Russia through what is called ‘Wandeldurch Handel’ or changes through business relationships, with the aim of achieving processes of liberalization of authoritarian regimes. This is what Merkel did, who already in 2008 did not see with good eyes the proposal for Ukraine’s accession to NATO, and Scholz has tried to continue this way. The evolution of events, together with the viscerality of some arguments, has caused German public opinion, or at least, the one that is most manifested in the media and social networks, to come out like a hurricane to criticize what in their eyes has been the timid reaction of the chancellor. The doubts shown by Scholz in relation to the advisability or not of sending heavy weapons to Ukraine have generated a debate that is polarizing with each passing day.

And perhaps the one who has best known how to illustrate the situation that German society is going through at the moment has been Habermas. In an article published in ‘Süddeutsche Zeitung’ he analyzed with all kinds of nuances the German position in relation to the war in the Ukraine. In this way he branded “moral prosecutors & rdquor; to those advocating greater support for arms shipments, and he praised the caution shown by the Government before the possibility of an escalation, never ruled out, of war. According to the German philosopher, The West would have acted sensibly by deciding not to participate directly in the war, but as a proxy. However, it is essential to weigh whether the “indefinite limit of formal entry into the war is not being crossed, since it depends entirely on Putin’s ability to define.” And this is where the paradox that Habermas puts us in front of arises and that is what is marking the increasingly bitter debates of our societies: how to recognize where the limit is between helping in a war or participating in it? Scholz doubts, I think the rest should at least breathe and doubt too.


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