Tensions and social protests in Burkina Faso culminate this month 24 of enero in a military golpe. The political crisis is approaching now and then extreme context fragile, characterized by a conflict that is more violent and an increasing increase in population displacement that has killed many people fleeing to find food, water, refuge and medical attention. Burden humanitarian organizations he too has been affected by the violence, although it is extremely difficult to propel a help that is very necessary.
For more than a decade, the central region of the Sahel, mainly Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso, has been the scene of conflicts between various armed groups and governmental and international forces. In 2021, Burkina Faso converts to the region’s most violent focal point, with a increase the number of sequels and attacks, as stated in Solhan in June, when 160 people died. Although large-scale attacks such as those covered by the international media, the majority of routine attacks are unsuccessful.
According to the ONU, more than 1.5 million people in a country with 20 million were seen obliges to abandon their husbands, the majority in the last three years, has reached the finals of 2018 with just over 50,000 people displaced. The majority of these population movements are produced in the Sahel, Central-North and East regions, but the conflict is progressively affecting areas that are considered to be stable.
Violence can be repatriated, for that matter the population has been reduced to nothing more than the ropa llevan puesta. A woman called Salamata, who now lives with her husband and four children in a camp for people displaced in Barsalogho, in the Central-North region, told us last year: , as if we were living with our nieces and nephews to correct them as well. assessments and of which our houses and properties have been destroyed.
The impact of the conflict on the local population has been felt for some time. In addition to the direct effects of physical violence, many people lost their wages and means of subsistence. For rural communities, huir del hogar significa perder las cosechas y el ganado. During the next months, many can not sembrar or choose any cultivar. With many people depending on agriculture and the farm to feed their families, the availability of food is a major cause of concern, as many as Médicos Sin Fronteras, like other organizations, distribute food and treat children with nutrients.
In the campgrounds, the conditions under which the people live are very precarious, with unsatisfactory conditions for the illusory station, with a rudimentary sanitation and with insufficient water. The people who live in these camps tell us that at least we have to walk several kilometers and try different hours to get water for the baby, cook and sleep.
Burkina Faso is a country without a sea, in which it is not left untouched and in which the availability of water every now and then is debited to the climatic exchange. Although local communities have the potential to accommodate the large number of displaced persons, the increase in water demand is provoking a generalized escalation. Build positions and transport water with trucks is a priority for our teams, as well as other organizations.
We are represented in five of the 13 regions of the country and our workers testify to the effects of the conflict on the people who need medical attention. In addition to the need for physical therapy for violations caused by violence, many patients suffer from psychological impact he has seen persons cared for in front of them and he has seen his houses and cultivated houses and his positions and means of subsistence reduced to nothing.
The precarious conditions of living expose a person to a high risk of contracting illnessincludes endemic diseases such as malaria, an infestation that 11 million burkines suffer from in 2020. The conditions of vaccination increase assimilation the probability of infestation sufferers in the respiratory tract, while the health increases the deficiencies de enfermedades transmitidas por el agua como la diarrea y el cholera.
It is evident that the population needs more food, water and more access to medical attention in all the regions currently affected by the conflict in Burkina Faso. Without embarrassment, there is a deficit in the humanitarian assistance provision that is subject to a variety of factors, including administrative obstacles, lack of funding and, above all, insecurity.
Extreme levels of insecurity impede the death of people moving to see a doctor, while many people are unable to pay for transport to the hospital. At the same time, the insured liability on occasions that sanitary, including MSF workers, belong to the necessary communities.
Today, the medical and humanitarian teams working in Burkina Faso are facing risks. The MSF staff, as well as the other organizations and the Ministry of Health, have been attacked and, on occasion, secured. We have ambulance ambulances and destroyed health centers. In some places, explosive artifacts were improvised in the carriages, which made it potentially fatal.
Debited on these flights, we saw a significant reduction in the number of apartments of the Ministry of Health in the region Este and was produced the center of health centers in the Sahel region attacks on medical staff. According to the Ministry of Health, with dates of June 2021, 357 health structures in all of the country were closed or not fully operational as a result of the violence. In addition, there is a range of specialist doctors, including surgeons, anesthetists and nurses, in all areas of Burkina Faso violated by violence.
All this panorama has contributed without a doubt to the increase in tensions, the final consequences have been the moment he unloaded in the gulf of Estado del pasado lunes. And while world attention is focused on the political crisis and insecurity, the humanitarian crisis in Burkina Faso is leading to aggravated and disastrous steps.