Most of the countries of the UN Security Council showed this Monday their deep concern over the violation of human rights in Afghanistan and their fear of an eventual emergence of terrorism in the Asian country after falling into the hands of the Taliban.
In this sense, the United States (USA) ambassador to the UN, Linda Thomas-Greenfield, urged all parties to guarantee the safe departure of Afghan citizens and foreigners who want to leave the country.
“All Afghan citizens and international citizens who wish to leave must be able to do so safely,” said Thomas-Greenfield before recalling that the US president, Joe Biden, “has made it clear that any action that endangers US mission personnel” You will meet a swift and forceful military response “.
Russia’s representative on the Security Council, Vasily Nebenzya, for his part, used his speech to secretly criticize the United States, blaming it for its failure to train the Afghan armed forces in the last two decades.
Afghanistan’s collapse occurred shortly after US and NATO forces began the final phase of their troop withdrawal in May, handing over all their military bases to Afghans.
Nebenzya also called for calm, assuring that, “in the current situation, we believe that it makes no sense to panic.”
The Russian ambassador, who did share the fear of the rest of the nations about the possibility of a resurgence and expansion of terrorism in Afghanistan, stressed, however, that the “main” thing about the current situation is that “a widespread bloodbath among the civilian population has been avoided”.
Unlike the Afghan ambassador, Nebenzya urged the Taliban to give a vote of confidence and declared that his government will continue to “interact” with them.
“The Taliban have reportedly already tried to restore public order and confirmed security guarantees for civilians and personnel of diplomatic missions. We trust that, under the current circumstances, the safety of diplomatic personnel will be ensured. (…) In these circumstances, the Russian Embassy in Kabul continues to function normally, “he stressed.
This Monday’s meeting of the UN Security Council comes a day after the Afghan president, Ashraf Ghani, fled the country, which precipitated the takeover of Kabul by the Taliban and accelerated the evacuation plans for foreign diplomatic personnel that were already underway by many nations.
Concern for women
For your part, Secretary General of the United Nations, António Guterres, which was the first to speak at the emergency meeting held by the highest body of the UN, expressed the concerns shared by a large part of the international community.
“We must speak with one voice to defend human rights in Afghanistan”Guterres said, adding that he is concerned, “in particular, by accounts of increasing human rights violations against women and girls in Afghanistan who fear a return to the darkest days.”
The Portuguese diplomat also appealed to the international community to prevent terrorism from taking root in Afghan territory and reported that “to a great extent” the UN personnel present in the country and its facilities “have been respected.”
“We continue to urge the Taliban to respect the integrity of these facilities and the inviolability of the diplomats sent” and their missions, said Guterres, who highlighted the role of humanitarian organizations in providing basic services to the most needy Afghans.
“The humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan affects 18 million people, almost half of the population”, said the head of the UN before assuring: “The presence of the United Nations will be adapted to the security situation. But, above all, we will stay and provide support to the Afghan people.”
Cry of afghanistan
The permanent representative of Afghanistan to the UN, Ghulam Isaczai, took the floor after Guterres’ speech to show his “extreme concern” about the promises and commitments of the Taliban.
“We have witnessed time and again how the Taliban have broken their promises and commitments in the past.”Isaczai declared.
After mentioning “the gruesome images of mass executions of military personnel by the Taliban and killings of civilians in Kandahar and other major cities,” he declared: “We cannot allow this to happen in Kabul, which has been the last refuge for many people. escaping violence and revenge attacks by the Taliban. “