The federal government says open-net pen salmon farming may continue off British Columbia’s coast outside the Discovery Islands area, while Ottawa undertakes consultation on the plan to transition away from practice.
A statement from Fisheries and Oceans Canada says it will share a draft framework for the transition in the coming weeks and consultation will run until early 2023 with the final plan to transition 79 open-net pen farms expected next spring.
The department says a separate consultation process is underway with First Nations and license holders for fish farms around the Discovery Islands, located along a key migration route for wild salmon between Vancouver Island and BC’s mainland.
In the meantime, it says licenses for Atlantic salmon facilities in that area are not being renewed and a final decision is expected next January.
Aquaculture operators around the Discovery Islands had already begun scaling back after the previous fisheries minister, Bernadette Jordan, announced in late 2020 that 19 salmon farms would be phased out by the end of this month.
However, a Federal Court judge set aside that decision two months ago, forcing the government to rework its transition plan.
(BC Salmon Farmers Association)
Salmon farm companies Mowi Canada West, Cermaq Canada and Grieg Seafood had applied for a judicial review of the order that prevented them from restocking their fish, arguing it lacked reasons and didn’t “show an appreciation of the facts.”
In her April decision, Federal Court Judge Elizabeth Heneghan found the earlier order breached the right to procedural fairness owed to the fish farms.
Heneghan agreed with the applicants, finding that in the absence of reasons, the decision wasn’t transparent and could not be justified.
The department says in the news release that Pacific salmon are facing historic threats and part of its mandate to protect the fish is to transition away from open-net salmon aquaculture, which studies have shown can spread disease to wild salmon as they migrate past.
The mandate letter for Fisheries Minister Joyce Murray tasks her with transitioning fish farming out of BC waters by 2025.
“Wild Pacific salmon are an iconic keystone species in British Columbia that are facing historic threats,” Murray says in the statement released Wednesday.
“Our government is taking action to protect and return wild salmon to abundance and ensure Canada is a global leader in sustainable aquaculture.”
Ottawa’s transition plan for the aquaculture industry will include “new technology, while reducing or eliminating interactions with wild Pacific salmon,” Murray says.
This report by The Canadian Press was first published June 22, 2022.