We already have the figures for car sales in 2020. A very complicated year for the automotive industry due to the coronavirus pandemic and the obligation to have the market closed for about two months, between mid-March and May, due to to the alarm state.
Total, 851,211 cars were sold in 2020, representing a drop of 32.3%, compared to the same figures from 2019, the year in which 1.25 million cars were marketed, according to data reported by the manufacturers association (Anfac), dealers (Faconauto) and sellers (Ganvam).
A fall that has finally softened throughout the year due to various factors such as the entry into force of the different aid plans.
We are talking about aid for the purchase of a car to renew the park (a Renove Plan of which less than 50 million of the 250 million planned have been spent). From the Moves Plan (of aid for the purchase of electricity).
And also the movement by the dealers in which they have carried out numerous self-registrations to minimize the price increase that the entry into force of the WLTP is bringing from this January.
Fourth worst year since 1996
These figures of 851,211 accumulated sales units leave 2021 as the fourth worst exercise in the last 25 years, that is, since 1996.
Worse figures were only recorded in the years 2011 (808,051 units), 2012 (699,589 units) and 2013 (722,689 units). The rest of the years, more cars have always been marketed. Although, yes, it must be recognized that this year is not comparable to 100% since commercial activity has been closed for two months throughout the year.
In the following graph you can see how sales have evolved between 1996 and 2020:
In addition, if the different sales channels are analyzed, it can be seen how the channel that has fallen the most in 2020 (with 59.7%) has been that of rental companies, due to the sharp drop in tourism. Individuals have fallen less than the market with a 27.1% decrease and the business channel has fallen by 24.4%.
Such is so, that the month of December we can point out that it has been good, with a total of 105,841 sales (0.01% less than in 2019), due to the aforementioned self-registrations, by the WLTP and also to comply with the manufacturers’ CO2 emissions.
This figure of December leaves a month practically flat compared to 2019 and it becomes one of the best months of the year, only surpassed by July, which has had a positive growth of 1.1%.
In this graph you can see how this month of December has been the second best month in the last ten years:
And in this other graph you can see how the rebound in July was, after the closure due to the coronavirus and how the market has grown in the following months:
In addition, these good data for December represent the break of the negative trend, since after the summer the bad results were a constant: August (-10.1%), September (-13.5%) and October (-21%) and November (18.7%).
The rest of the months of the year (even before the coronavirus), were negative, as can be seen in the following graph:
A bad January and a flat 2021
However, there are also many organizations that point out that this rebound in December is due to early enrollment, which anticipates a bad January.
So much so, that for this year 2021 with the arrival of the WLTP the estimates point to a flat year with another 850,000 units sold, A worrying figure since this year dealerships should not be closed for a few months as they did in 2020.
Market leading seat
By brands, Seat has been the market leader, followed by Volkswagen, Peugeot, Toyota and Renault. Below we detail the commercialized units of each of these firms and their evolution:
Accumulated sales by brands:
1) Seat | 68,721 units | -38.6%
2) Volkswagen | 66,817 units | -29.2%
3) Peugeot | 65,697 units | -32.9%
4) Toyota | 57,580 units | -19.7%
5) Renault | 56,138 units | -35%
The Dacia Sandero, the best seller
Regarding the models, the Dacia Sandero has been the best-selling car in 2020, followed by the Seat León, Nissan Qashqai, Renault Clio and Toyota Corolla.
1) Dacia Sandero | 24,035 units | -29.1%
2) Seat León | 23,582 units | -34.2%
3) Nissan Qashqai | 19,818 units | -34.3%
4) Renault Clio | 17,816 units | -30.2%
5) Toyota Corolla | 15,478 units | -1.5%
By fuel, the Dacia Sandero was the best-selling gasoline car, the Toyota Corolla was the most successful hybrid, the Nissan Qashqai the diesel car with the highest demand, the Mercedes A-Class the most demanded plug-in hybrid and the Renault Zoe, the most popular electric. sold.
The plug-ins, the ones that grow the most
By fuels, in the accumulated of the year, between January and December, it can be seen how plug-in hybrids are the type of fuel that grows the most.
Specifically, between January and December 23,301 PHEV vehicles were sold, which represents a growth of 213%. Below we detail all the fuel sales in the accumulated of January and December:
Petrol | 423,586 cars | 49% fee | -44%
Diesel | 235,890 cars | 27% fee | -32.8%
Hybrids (HEV) | 137,425 cars | 16% share | + 26.4%
Plug-in hybrids (PHEV) | 23,301 cars | 2.7% share | + 213.8%
Electrical (BEV) | 17,925 cars | 2.1% share | + 78%
Gas | 13,084 cars | 1.53% share | -48.1%
Alternative fuels already outperform diesel
It is another of the keys that we can see in this month of November. And it is none other than alternative fuels (hybrids, plug-ins, electric and gas) already exceed diesel with a share of almost 33%, which has a share of 27%. Also, gasoline is currently at a 49% share.