Coffee became the most popular of the “temperance drinks”.
Photo: Georgi Petrov / Pexels
We currently enjoy three drinks of ancient origin that in the past were seen as exotic, such as medicine and evil, and even came to be demonized. Today we know that its moderate consumption is healthy and has benefits for our health.
“Drinks for temperance”
In the seventeenth century, for Europe there were three new drinks that had entered from Africa, Asia and America: coffee, tea and chocolate.
In the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, the coffee it was by far the more popular of the three so-called “temperance drinks.” The coffee was cheaper than tea Y more caffeinated than chocolate, therefore it is more stimulating.
Temperance means moderation and sobriety according to Royal Spanish Academy and in Christianity it is one of the four cardinal virtues, which consists of moderating the appetites and the excessive use of the senses, subjecting them to reason.
Herbs were first considered medicinal, sold by apothecaries. They were also simply taken by pleasure. It didn’t take long for there to be tension over its sale and consumption.
On the one hand the merchants hoped to increase sales to anyone and the doctors who wanted to maintain the monopoly supply, keep prices high, and prescribe beverages to your patients. Doctors hoped to avoid self-prescription or recreational use.
Temperance drinks overcame alcohol
Before the advent of coffee, tea, and chocolate, Europeans had no stimulants. The caffeine is Europeans’ first great experience with stimulants, says the Council for European Studies (CES).
Temperance Drinks they replaced alcohol for breakfast and work breaks. Unlike alcohol, are stimulating and not depressant so that let you stay alert.
They were marketed as temperance drinks and beer and wine suppliers they had a great interest in stifle the popularity of new beverages.
So much controversy arose that among those who recognized caffeinated beverages for their natural stimulating effect and defended the health benefits and those who saw them as an epidemic of evil.
In the end, the researchers determined what we know today, that temperance drinks they do not cause impotence or madness, but they do have real effects on the body.
It is native to Mexico and Central America where it has been cultivated for at least 3,000 years, according to data from the National Commission for the Knowledge and Use of Biodiversity (CONABIO).
At that time, the Mayans were the first connoisseurs of chocolate, they drank it as a fermented bitter drink mixed and with spices such as vanilla.
Cocoa is rich in flavanols (antioxidants) and has two stimulants, caffeine Y theobromine. Cocoa. It is a food that has the most theobromine.
Theobromine is an alkaloid chemical that belongs to the methylxanthine family, just like caffeine. It is responsible for our feeling that feeling of enthusiasm, animation or happiness.
The coffee originates from Ethiopia. The main components of coffee are caffeine and plant chemicals called polyphenols. Both substances are related to the beneficial health effects of coffee as an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory.
Due to its caffeine content, coffee can increase alertness, energy, the ability to concentrate, and improve mood.
Each cup of coffee contains approximately 95 mg of caffeine. The United States dietary guidelines suggest a moderate daily intake of up to 400 mg of caffeine.
The first recording of the tea described it as a medicinal drink in China in the 3rd century AD. It is a drink that comes from the leaves of Camellia sinensis. Black tea is the most popular in the world, followed by green, oolong and white tea.
It is rich in polyphenols (antioxidants) and also provides caffeine. Polyphenols are plant chemicals that give teas their distinctive flavor and aroma and may have health-promoting properties.
As for caffeine, an eight-ounce cup of green tea contains approximately 28 mg of caffeine; while a cup of black tea 47 mg, according to Mayo Clinic.
It may interest you: