How many times have we abandoned a diet. Out of boredom, because it was too strict, because it did not fit our needs or rhythms of life … The reasons can be infinite. And there is no doubt that in Spain (and in the world) the big problem that diets have – whatever they are – is that are abandoned before time, that people are not able to continue to the end.
There are studies that say that diets are left in up to 70-90% of cases. Or as we saw in this article, they fail 95% of people who are obese or seriously overweight who are on diets. And is that the problem of diets is precisely in the word “diet” that has not too positive connotations.
“The concept has gone ugly. And really diet means the dietary pattern that a person follows, the day-to-day eating habits of someone, but nowadays we understand diet as a plan that we have to follow for a while sacrificing ourselves for food to achieve a goal -usually to lose weight- and that has an expiration date “, Andrea Calderón dietician explains to EL ESPAÑOL and nutritionist, scientific secretary of the Spanish Society of Food Sciences (SEDCA) and professor at the European University of Madrid.
In addition, “adds this professional,” normally that diet or regimen does not suit my tastes or my rhythms of life, which makes me unable to follow it. Therefore, what is really important is adapt the diet to each person. There are thousands of combinations of ideal diets to achieve our goal that can be just as nutritious, healthy and balanced. But in the end, the important thing is that each one stays with the one that is most comfortable for them for their day to day. “
Thus, as stated also Elena de la Fuente, nutritionist at the Quirónsalud San Jos HospitalIt’s In Madrid, the problem with diets when they are not personalized or are very restrictive is that work only for a short period of time. They fail because they do not adapt to the person.
There are some key factors why people do not stick to a diet. For this reason, it is important that the person participate in their diet and that the professional ask them for their tastes and their rhythms of life. Because no two diets will be the same.
A perfectly balanced diet is of no use to a person if he does not take an active part in it. That is, if that person is not asked how is your life, whatIt’s likes and what not, if you cook and like to cook or not, if you live alone, as a couple or as a family, etc. They are key factors that must be taken into account. The diet must be adapted to each person so that it is really fulfilled, claims Calderfrom the.
It is also important that in the diet process, there is a food education and make patients understand the importance of eating well, not being overweight or obese, etc., on their health. “You have to learn to eat well, learn tools adapted to the day-to-day life of each person and be able to establish it as a healthy lifestyle, for life“, Explain.
Five key factors
There are five fundamental factors that are directly related to adherence or compliance with diets. According to Calderón, the first of them has to do with The expectations -initials- that a person has. It is key that these are not too high or too difficult to reach. They must be realistic and can be achieved little by little.
The second point and closely related to the previous one, has to do with self-efficacyIn other words, “a person has to see what he is capable of doing and that if he sets expectations and goals too high, he can lose the perception of having the capacity to achieve it”, explains Calderón.
The third point is the active participation of the person when designing your diet. As this professional explains, this aspect was not taken into account before, but now it is, and more and mores. “It is essential that the person tell whatIt’s want whatis is willing to do and whatIt’s no, what are your tastes, whatIt’s moment of ddo you think you are hungrier, what are your whims “, etc.
Fourth, it is important to consider the patient’s knowledge. That is, “there is no diet with It’ssuccess if the patient is not informed: whatIt’s It happens if I eat bad or if I eat good. The health and physical consequences of what I am doing. “
And finally, motivationn of person. “Is fundamental that the person isIt’s motivated to that there is adherence to diet”Calderón concludes.