73.9% of Spaniards are against the reform of the Judicial Power proposed by Pedro Sánchez in the hands of United We Can to reduce the necessary parliamentary majority in order to elect the 12 judges that make up the CGPJ. This is clear from the latest survey carried out by SocioMétrica for EL ESPAÑOL.
This rejection is overwhelming among the voters of the center-right, who do not see favorably that the Government intends to lower the threshold for electing the 12 members from the race from three fifths to an absolute majority.
Supporters of PP, Vox and Cs share their concern with Brussels, which has already warned the Government that the maneuver of the PSOE and United We can go against the recommendations of the EU. These involve reducing the influence of the Legislative and / or Executive power over the Judiciary and thus ending the politicization of the governing body of judges.
In order from highest to lowest rejection: voters of Citizens are the ones who most censure the Government’s intention to politicize the CGPJ (a 98,5%). Neither are the supporters of Vox (97,5%), those of Popular Party (96,9%) go abstentionists (92,2%).
That rejection turns into doubts among voters socialists, divided between those who agree with Sánchez and Iglesias’ maneuver (54%) and those who do not share it (44.9%). And among those related to United we can they see with joy the remodeling (they are agree 87.2%).
Unanimity is even greater when it comes to evaluating the optimal criteria for the election of the magistrates that make up the CGPJ. So things, 80.3% of Spaniards consider that the judges themselves should choose their members, while only 17.1% advocate delegating the decision to Parliament.
If the vote is shelled by affinity to the main political parties, the result is also illuminating: only those related to Podemos theses agree that the CGPJ judges are elected by politicians (53.6%). Something that should not be surprising, considering that the far-left party has made attacks on the Judiciary one of its distinctive signs.
The rest of the voters believe that the magistrates themselves should choose their counterparts in the governing body of the Judiciary. Those who have it clearer are the supporters of the PP (94%), followed by Cs (93,6%) Y Vox (92,8%). Between the socialists the superiority is not so overwhelming, but they also go for this option in a 61,4%.
Division of powers
The vast majority of the national population (71,2%) considers the reform that the PSOE and United We can now propose as a clear attack on the separation of powers. Only 27.6% consider that it would not corrupt democracy.
Of these, the most critical are once again the liberals -represented by Cs- (98.5%), closely followed by supporters of Vox (97.5%) and the popular (96.9%). The abstentionists (88.5%) once again shared the thesis with the center-right in this regard.
That interpretation, however, is far from being the one made by left-wing voters. Only 41.6% of socialists see in the reform an attack on the separation of powers. This figure becomes laughable among those related to the formation of Pablo Iglesias: 7.9%.
The promoters of the reform justify the modification of the Organic Law of the Judicial Power under the pretext of “adjusting it to social reality” and because of the PP’s refusal to facilitate the renewal of the institution. Not surprisingly, the PSOE has repeatedly insisted that it will withdraw the reform if the PP agrees to negotiate.
However, a 68% of Spaniards consider the remedy worse than the disease. Therefore, almost 7 out of 10 Spaniards believe that blocking in the renewal of the organ – induced, in part, by the position of the Popular Party- it is not sufficient reason for the Government to propose a reform that would undermine the independence of the judiciary.
If this data is broken down by party affinities, the result is as expected: The vast majority of United We Can voters believe that the blockade of the PP justifies changing the democratic rules of the game (89.7%), while the popular ones are the ones who most oppose this opinion (92.7% believe that it does not justify it).
Sympathizers socialists commune with their government partners, although they do not adhere so firmly to this thesis (60,5%).
Finally, the voters of Vox (90%) Y Citizens (87,6%) also consider that the blockade to which the renewal of the CGPJ is subjected does not justify calling into question one of the foundations on which a healthy democracy is based: the division of powers.
2,103 surveys have been completed throughout Spain, of which 1,310 in the Community of Madrid, through SocioMétrica’s own online panel (n = 6,900), managed through the Gandia Integra platform (c), between the 15th and the October the 17th. The resulting subsample is weighted for the total national census by sex, age, municipal size, rural / urban habitat, and employment status, and reweighting by vote recall in the 10-N elections. Since it is a non-probability sampling, there is no sampling error, but convergence by interaction for the national total, which is 97% according to the algorithm implemented in Barbwin de Tesi (c). Sociométrica is a partner of Insights + Analytics Spain, a business branch, a Data Science association that integrates Aneimo and Aedemo.